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  • 1
    ISSN: 1471-0528
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased oxidative stress occurs in erosive lichen planus of the vulva. Skin biopsies from six patients with untreated, histologically confirmed erosive lichen planus of the vulva were examined immunohistochemically using antibodies against antioxidant enzymes. The protein-bound lipid peroxidation products malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenale (4-HNE) and the oxidative DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were investigated. Protein carbonyls as markers of protein oxidation were visualised using the dinitrophenylhydrazone (DNPH) method. Normal vulval tissues from 12 subjects served as controls. In vulval lichen planus tissue the enzymatic antioxidant defence was found to be significantly decreased in the epidermal layers. Furthermore, a significant increase of lipid peroxidation products and oxidative DNA damage was found within the epidermis. Protein oxidation occurred predominantly in the papillary dermis. This is the first study to demonstrate a decreased antioxidant defence and increased oxidative damage to lipids, DNA and proteins in lichen planus. These oxidative modifications point to pathophysiological alterations mainly within the basal cell layers of the epidermis and at the dermoepidermal junction. Further studies are warranted to investigate the potential role of oxidative stress in the development of autoimmunity in this disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 41 (1993), S. 1659-1663 
    ISSN: 1520-5118
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The effect of microwave heating and gamma irradiation treatments on phosphorus compounds of soybean seeds were studied. Inorganic phosphorus was significantly (P 〈 0.05) increased while, phytate and phospholipids were significantly decreased when soybean seeds were microwave-heated for 9 min or more. Furthermore, gamma-irradiation treatments of 20 KGy or more significantly increased inorganic phosphorus and decreased phytate and phospholipids of the beans. Two dimensional thin-layer chromatography was employed to study the phospholipid pattern. Gamma-irradiation at doses from 40 to 100 KGy produced lysophosphatidylcholine and phosphatidic acid. The data of this study showed that, the increase of inorganic phosphorus was mainly due to the decomposition of phytic acids and phosphates of inositol.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 50 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Microwave heating of soybeans for 9 min decreased protein solubility from 80 to 17%, from 81 to 18%, and from 72 to 16% when deionized H2O, 0.6N NaCl and 0.4N CaCl2, were used as solvents, respectively. Experiments were conducted to determine ‘in vivo protein digestibility and metabolizable nitrogen using male Sprague-Dawley rats. The percentages of true digestibility were found to be 73, 84, 87 and 81 when the soybeans were microwave heated for 0, 9, 12 and 15 min, respectively. Microwave heating soybeans up to 15 min did not alter the fatty acids composition of the beans.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 50 (1985), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Two hundred grams of soybean seeds (moisture contents of 7.4, 15.3, 22.5, and 30.5%) were irradiated at dose levels of 0, 1, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 KGy using Cobalt-60 source. Radiation dose of 100 KGy caused a decrease in the percentage of nitrogen solubility from 80.3 to 67.2, 80.3 to 57.8, and 68.1 to 48.8 when deionized H2O, 0.6M NaCl, and 0.2M Cacl2 were used as solvents, respectively. Inhibition of 71% of lipoxygenase activities, 25.4% trypsin inhibitor activities, and 16.7% chymotrypsin inhibitor activities were found when the soybean seeds were irradiated at 100 KGy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 32 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: summary  The present study sought to clarify the relationship between antegonial and ramus notch depths and condylar bone change, and analyse the effects of such change on craniofacial structure. The study sample was of 28 pre-orthodontic patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, who underwent helical computed tomography to diagnose their TMJ pathology. Craniofacial structures were compared between 14 subjects with bilateral condylar bone change (BBC group: two male and 12 female) and 14 subjects with no bone change (NBC group: two male and 12 female). Sella-nasion-point B (SNB) and point A-nasion-point B (ANB) angles were significantly smaller in BBC than in NBC, with ramus height and mandibular body lengths significantly shorter in BBC than in NBC. The BBC lower facial height and SN-Go-Ar angle, as well as antegonial and ramus notch depths, were significantly greater than in NBC, and the mandible was significantly more retruded in BBC than in NBC. These results showed that condylar bone change might be related not only to mandibular size (e.g. retrusion) but also to mandibular outline (including antegonial and ramus notch depth).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 30 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: summary  The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between occlusal curvature (OC) and frontal craniofacial morphology in patients with and without temporomandibular disorders (TMD), using frontal cephalograms and a sophisticated measuring device (XYZAX S400A). Thirty-seven female orthodontic patients (mean age 24·0 years) were divided into a TMD group (n = 25) and no-TMD group (n = 12). In the TMD group, the lateral OCs of the mandibular second premolar, and first and second molars were significantly deeper on the deviated side than on the non-deviated side, and the anteroposterior OCs of the mandibular second premolar and first molar were also significantly shallower on the deviated side. In the no-TMD group, however, there were no significant differences in OCs between deviated and non-deviated sides. The differences between right and left lateral OCs in the mandibular second premolar and first and second molars, as well as the anteroposterior OCs in the mandibular first and second molars, showed significant correlations with mandibular deviation in the TMD group. On the other hand, in the no-TMD group, there was no significant correlation between OCs and mandibular deviation. The above results suggest that OCs might try to compensate for mandibular deviation in patients with TMD.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 151 (2004), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background  Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease of unknown aetiology which can be associated with secondary malignancies. Recent evidence supports an autoimmune basis for this disorder, as demonstrated by autoantibodies to extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM-1). The pathophysiological mechanisms leading to autoimmunity and carcinogenesis are poorly understood.Objectives  We hypothesized that oxidative stress, which has been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune and malignant disorders, contributes to these processes in LS.Methods  Skin biopsies from 16 patients with untreated, histologically confirmed vulval LS were examined immunohistochemically using antibodies against the lipid peroxidation products malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenale and against the oxidative DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine. Protein carbonyls as markers of protein oxidation were visualized using the dinitrophenylhydrazone method. Expression of antioxidant enzymes was investigated. Normal vulval tissue from 16 subjects served as control.Results  In vulval LS tissue a significant increase of lipid peroxidation products was found particularly within the basal cell layers of the epidermis, thus colocalizing with ECM-1. Oxidative DNA damage was detected throughout LS biopsies. Intriguingly, protein oxidation was significantly increased within the dermis of LS lesions, indicating oxidative protein damage in the areas of sclerosis and inflammation. The enzymatic antioxidant defence in LS was found to be significantly disturbed.Conclusions  This is the first study to demonstrate oxidative damage to lipids, DNA and proteins in LS, revealing a novel pathophysiological mechanism which may contribute to sclerosis, autoimmunity and carcinogenesis. Therapeutic strategies using antioxidants might be a useful new approach in the treatment of LS and could also help to prevent secondary malignancies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford [u.a.] : International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
    Acta crystallographica 46 (1990), S. 697-699 
    ISSN: 1600-5759
    Source: Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford [u.a.] : International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
    Acta crystallographica 47 (1991), S. 1397-1401 
    ISSN: 1600-5759
    Source: Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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