Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary “Two-route chemotherapy” (TRC) using cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (DDP) and its antidote, sodium thiosulfate (STS), combined with the angiotensin II (AT-II)-induced hypertension method was evaluated for its efficacy against peritoneally disseminated tumors in rats. A bolus i.p. injection of DDP (15 mg/kg) was given 1 min after the initiation of an AT-II (16.5 μg/kg) i.v. infusion lasting 11 min. Immediately after the termination of the AT-II infusion, 1,580 mg/kg STS was injected i.v. over a further 5 min. This modified TRC significantly improved the antitumor effect, evaluated by survival (increase in life span, 273%), compared with that achieved with other treatments, as follows: 15 mg/kg DDP i.p. and the concomitant i.v. infusion of 1,580 mg/kg STS (conventional TRC), 153% increase in life span; 5 mg/kg DDP i.p. with or without AT-II i.v. (167% and 107% increases in life span, respectively). As an index of nephrotoxicity, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels seen after modified TRC (21.1 mg/dl) were as low as those observed after conventional TRC (19.1 mg/dl), despite the postadministration of STS, and were much lower than those seen after DDP alone or DDP plus AT-II (35.6 and 35.7 mg/dl, respectively). Further evaluation of the effectiveness of modified TRC using various doses of DDP gave similar results. The feasibility of the administration of STS 10 min after DDP treatment was explained by the significant inhibition of DDP delivery to the kidney during the AT-II-induced hypertension. Thus, TRC combined with AT-II has a superior therapeutic effect against peritonitis carcinomatosa induced in rats.
Type of Medium: