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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2022-03-11
    Description: The SCIP Optimization Suite provides a collection of software packages for mathematical optimization centered around the constraint integer programming framework SCIP. This paper discusses enhancements and extensions contained in version 8.0 of the SCIP Optimization Suite. Major updates in SCIP include improvements in symmetry handling and decomposition algorithms, new cutting planes, a new plugin type for cut selection, and a complete rework of the way nonlinear constraints are handled. Additionally, SCIP 8.0 now supports interfaces for Julia as well as Matlab. Further, UG now includes a unified framework to parallelize all solvers, a utility to analyze computational experiments has been added to GCG, dual solutions can be postsolved by PaPILO, new heuristics and presolving methods were added to SCIP-SDP, and additional problem classes and major performance improvements are available in SCIP-Jack.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-08-24
    Description: This paper studies mixed-integer nonlinear programs featuring disjunctive constraints and trigonometric functions and presents a strengthened version of the Convex Quadratic relaxation of the Optimal Transmission Switching problem. We first characterize the convex hull of univariate quadratic on/off constraints in the space of original variables using perspective functions. We then introduce new tight quadratic relaxations for trigonometric functions featuring variables with asymmetrical bounds. These results are used to further tighten recent convex relaxations introduced for the Optimal Transmission Switching problem in Power Systems. Using the proposed improvements, along with bound propagation, on 23 medium-size test cases in the PGLib benchmark library with a relaxation gap of more than 1%, we reduce the gap to less than 1% on 5 instances. The tightened model has promising computational results when compared to state-of-the-art formulations.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2022-03-11
    Description: The benefits of cutting planes based on the perspective function are well known for many specific classes of mixed-integer nonlinear programs with on/off structures. However, we are not aware of any empirical studies that evaluate their applicability and computational impact over large, heterogeneous test sets in general-purpose solvers. This paper provides a detailed computational study of perspective cuts within a linear programming based branch-and-cut solver for general mixed-integer nonlinear programs. Within this study, we extend the applicability of perspective cuts from convex to non-convex nonlinearities. This generalization is achieved by applying a perspective strengthening to valid linear inequalities which separate solutions of linear relaxations. The resulting method can be applied to any constraint where all variables appearing in nonlinear terms are semi-continuous and depend on at least one common indicator variable. Our computational experiments show that adding perspective cuts for convex constraints yields a consistent improvement of performance, and adding perspective cuts for nonconvex constraints reduces branch-and-bound tree sizes and strengthens the root node relaxation, but has no significant impact on the overall mean time.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2022-03-11
    Description: The benefits of cutting planes based on the perspective function are well known for many specific classes of mixed-integer nonlinear programs with on/off structures. However, we are not aware of any empirical studies that evaluate their applicability and computational impact over large, heterogeneous test sets in general-purpose solvers. This paper provides a detailed computational study of perspective cuts within a linear programming based branch-and-cut solver for general mixed-integer nonlinear programs. Within this study, we extend the applicability of perspective cuts from convex to nonconvex nonlinearities. This generalization is achieved by applying a perspective strengthening to valid linear inequalities which separate solutions of linear relaxations. The resulting method can be applied to any constraint where all variables appearing in nonlinear terms are semi-continuous and depend on at least one common indicator variable. Our computational experiments show that adding perspective cuts for convex constraints yields a consistent improvement of performance, and adding perspective cuts for nonconvex constraints reduces branch-and-bound tree sizes and strengthens the root node relaxation, but has no significant impact on the overall mean time.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2022-03-11
    Description: Industrial parks have a high potential for recycling and reusing resources such as water across companies by creating symbiosis networks. In this study, we introduce a mathematical optimization framework for the design of water network integration in industrial parks formulated as a large-scale standard mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) problem. The novelty of our approach relies on i) developing a multi-level incremental optimization framework for water network synthesis, ii) including prior knowledge of demand growth and projected water scarcity to evaluate the significance of water-saving solutions, iii) incorporating a comprehensive formulation of water network synthesis problem including multiple pollutants and different treatment units and iv) performing a multi-objective optimization of the network including freshwater savings and relative cost of the network. The significance of the proposed optimization framework is illustrated by applying it to an existing industrial park in a water-scarce region in Kenya. Firstly, we illustrated the benefits of including prior knowledge to prevent an over-design of the network at the early stages. In the case study, we achieved a more flexible and expandable water network with 36% lower unit cost at the early stage and 15% lower unit cost at later stages for the overall maximum freshwater savings of 25%. Secondly, multi-objective analysis suggests an optimum freshwater savings of 14% to reduce the unit cost of network by half. Moreover, the significance of symbiosis networks is highlighted by showing that intra-company connections can only achieve a maximum freshwater savings of 17% with significantly higher unit cost (+45%). Finally, we showed that the values of symbiosis connectivity index in the Pareto front correspond to higher freshwater savings, indicating the significant role of the symbiosis network in the industrial park under study. This is the first study, where all the above elements have been taken into account simultaneously for the design of a water reuse network.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2022-06-13
    Description: The SCIP Optimization Suite provides a collection of software packages for mathematical optimization centered around the constraint integer programming frame- work SCIP. This paper discusses enhancements and extensions contained in version 7.0 of the SCIP Optimization Suite. The new version features the parallel presolving library PaPILO as a new addition to the suite. PaPILO 1.0 simplifies mixed-integer linear op- timization problems and can be used stand-alone or integrated into SCIP via a presolver plugin. SCIP 7.0 provides additional support for decomposition algorithms. Besides im- provements in the Benders’ decomposition solver of SCIP, user-defined decomposition structures can be read, which are used by the automated Benders’ decomposition solver and two primal heuristics. Additionally, SCIP 7.0 comes with a tree size estimation that is used to predict the completion of the overall solving process and potentially trigger restarts. Moreover, substantial performance improvements of the MIP core were achieved by new developments in presolving, primal heuristics, branching rules, conflict analysis, and symmetry handling. Last, not least, the report presents updates to other components and extensions of the SCIP Optimization Suite, in particular, the LP solver SoPlex and the mixed-integer semidefinite programming solver SCIP-SDP.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2022-11-24
    Description: Certificates of polynomial nonnegativity can be used to obtain tight dual bounds for polynomial optimization problems. We consider Sums of Nonnegative Circuit (SONC) polynomials certificates, which are well suited for sparse problems since the computational cost depends only on the number of terms in the polynomials and does not depend on the degrees of the polynomials. This work is a first step to integrating SONC-based relaxations of polynomial problems into a branch-and-bound algorithm. To this end, the SONC relaxation for constrained optimization problems is extended in order to better utilize variable bounds, since this property is key for the success of a relaxation in the context of branch-and-bound. Computational experiments show that the proposed extension is crucial for making the SONC relaxations applicable to most constrained polynomial optimization problems and for integrating the two approaches.
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceobject , doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2022-11-24
    Description: Certificates of polynomial nonnegativity can be used to obtain tight dual bounds for polynomial optimization problems. We consider Sums of Nonnegative Circuit (SONC) polynomials certificates, which are well suited for sparse problems since the computational cost depends only on the number of terms in the polynomials and does not depend on the degrees of the polynomials. This work is a first step to integrating SONC-based relaxations of polynomial problems into a branch-and-bound algorithm. To this end, the SONC relaxation for constrained optimization problems is extended in order to better utilize variable bounds, since this property is key for the success of a relaxation in the context of branch-and-bound. Computational experiments show that the proposed extension is crucial for making the SONC relaxations applicable to most constrained polynomial optimization problems and for integrating the two approaches.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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