Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The morphology and pattern of replication in the somatic chromosomes of Leptodactylus ocellatus (Amphibia, Anura) was studied by means of H3-thymidine autoradiography. A total of 300 metaphases from leukocyte cultures and 200 metaphases from spleen cell cultures were analysed. The diploid chromosome number in Leptodactylus ocellatus is 22. The pairs 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8 could be easily identified on the basis of their size, centromere position, and location of secondary constrictions. In 30% of metaphases the pair 10 could be recognized on account of an end-to-end homologous association, which originated from a satellite fusion. The continuous H3-thymidine labelings carried out in the last 10, 5 and 3 hours of a culture indicated that the G2 period was 3.5 hours. The labeled metaphases were divided in two groups. In the first one all those cells showing radioactivity along the entire length of every chromosome were included. The second group was formed by metaphases with extensive unlabeled chromosome regions. The former and the latter group were identified as representatives of the intermediate and final stages of the S period, respectively. The pattern of chromosome labeling indicates that secondary constrictions are associated with late replicating regions. However, the presence of chromosome areas, which in spite of being late in finishing duplication did not bear any kind of constriction, suggests that regions other than those associated with constrictions also may replicate late. No interchromosomal asynchrony of replication at the end of the S period was noticed. However, very often in pair 10 one chromosome had about two times as much labeling as its homologue. No sex-linked differences in chromosome morphology or in patterns of chromosome replication could be noticed.
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