Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the antiarrhythmic drug, disopyramide, were investigated in 12 volunteers who took 300 mg doses of 3 different capsule preparations and an aqueous oral solution of the drug at 1-week intervals. Concentrations of drug unbound to plasma proteins were measured by a sensitive immunoenzyme assay after ultrafiltration of plasma samples taken serially after dosing. QT interval was measured on serial ECG recordings with correction for changes in heart rate. Unbound concentrations of disopyramide were modelled by an open one-compartment pharmacokinetic model with a zero-order absorption rate and a lag time. There was no significant difference in parameter estimates between the four preparations, except for the lag time, which was significantly shorter for the solution preparation. The saturable protein binding of disopyramide was described by a hyperbolic model including a specific binding site and additional nonspecific binding. The pharmacodynamic relationship between unbound drug concentration and QT prolongation was fit by a simple linear model. This fit was better using unbound concentration of the drug than using total concentrations.
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