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  • 1
    ISSN: 0930-7516
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: An automatic stirred tank reactor of laboratory scale has been developed for on-line measurement of conversion, viscosity, and molar mass distribution of homogeneous polymerizations. For these on-line measurements, a fraction of the reaction mixture is bypassed through a densimeter and a viscometer. Samples are taken at intervals of 15 min, diluted semi-automatically, and then injected into a high performance gel permeation chromatograph for determination of the molar mass distribution of the polymers. A microcomputer collects the measured data, calculates the monomer conversion and the output data for different control units. In this study, methyl methacrylate is polymerized batch- and semi-batchwise with ethyl acetate as solvent and in the presence of different initiators. The semi-batch polymerizations are carried out at constant reaction rate by feeding the initiator and at a given increase in viscosity by feeding the solvent.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Angewandte Makromolekulare Chemie 161 (1988), S. 195-204 
    ISSN: 0003-3146
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: An automatic polymerization reactor has been developed for on-line measurement of conversion, viscosity, and molecular weight distribution of homogeneous free radical polymerization.For on-line measurements during polymerization a fraction of the reaction mixture is pumped as bypass through a densimeter and a viscometer. In time intervals of 15 min samples are taken, diluted semi-automatically, and then injected into a high performance gel permeation chromatography for determination of the molecular weight distribution of the polymers. A microcomputer collects these data, calculates the conversion of reaction and the output data for different control units.Methyl methacrylate is polymerized batch-wise in solution with ethyl acetate as solvent and dicyclohexyl peroxydicarbonate as initiator. Semi-batch polymerizations with constant reaction rate are performed by feeding initiator which is controlled by open-loop and closed-loop control.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Title: Computation of Molecular Weight Distributions for Free Radical Polymerization Systems. /; Preprint SC 89-07
    Author: Budde, Uwe
    Contributer: Wulkow, Michael
    Publisher: Berlin :Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik,
    Year of publication: 1989
    Series Statement: Preprint / Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin Preprint SC 89-07
    ISSN: 0933-7911
    Type of Medium: Book
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: Modeling of free radical polymerization leads to very large and usually stiff systems of ordinary differential equations which cannot be solved directly in an efficient way. This paper presents the application of a new approach called discrete Galerkin method to a realistic example - the polymerization of methyl methacrylate(MMA). The method is characterized by a Galerkin approximation on the basis of orthogonal polynomials of a discrete variable which represents the polymer degree. It allows the efficient computation of solutions of complete kinetic schemes with time- or moment-dependent reaction coefficients by reducing the complexity to a few differential equations. The approximation error can be controlled by an error estimation. In the case of MMA polymerization a reduction of computational effort by a factor of about 25 compared to a standard method can be obtained for the quasi-steady-state approximation of the model. In addition solutions of the instationary kinetic scheme can be easily computed.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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