Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The non-ohmic properties of the 98.95% SnO2 + 1.0%,CoO + 0.05%,Nb2O5 (all in mole%) system, as well as the influence of sintering temperature and atmosphere on these properties, were characterized in this study. The maximum non-linear coefficient (α = 32) was obtained for a sintering temperature of 1300°C in an oxygen atmosphere and this maximum is associated with the presence of O in SnO2 grain boundaries, as interface defects. Experimental results also indicate thermionic-type conduction mechanisms, which are associated with the potential barrier of Schottky or Poole–Frenkel types.
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