Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Dodecaheme cytochrome c has been purified from Desulfovibrio (D.) desulfuricans ATCC 27774 cells grown under both nitrate and sulfate-respiring conditions. Therefore, it is likely to play a role in the electron-transfer system of both respiratory chains. Its molecular mass (37768 kDa) was determined by electrospray mass spectrometry. Its first 39 amino acids were sequenced and a motif was found between amino acids 32 and 37 that seems to exist in all the cytochromes of the c3 type from sulfate-reducing bacteria sequenced at present. The midpoint redox potentials of this cytochrome were estimated to be −68, −120, −248 and −310 mV. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of the oxidized cytochrome shows several low-spin components with a gmax spreading from 3.254 to 2.983. Two crystalline forms were obtained by vapour diffusion from a solution containing 2% PEG 6000 and 0.25–0.75 M acetate buffer pH = 5.5. Both crystals belong to monoclinic space groups: one is P21, with a = 61.00, b = 106.19, c = 82.05 Å, β = 103.61°, and the other is C2 with a = 152.17, b = 98.45, c = 89.24 Å, β = 119.18°. Density measurements of the P21 crystals suggest that there are two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit. Self-rotation function calculations indicate, in both crystal forms, the presence of a non-crystallographic axis perpendicular to the crystallographic twofold axis. This result and the calculated values for the volume per unit molecular weight of the C2 crystals suggest the presence of two or four molecules in the asymmetric unit.
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