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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2022-01-18
    Description: Propagation of linear constraints has become a crucial sub-routine in modern Mixed-Integer Programming (MIP) solvers. In practice, iterative algorithms with tolerance-based stopping criteria are used to avoid problems with slow or infinite convergence. However, these heuristic stopping criteria can pose difficulties for fairly comparing the efficiency of different implementations of iterative propagation algorithms in a real-world setting. Most significantly, the presence of unbounded variable domains in the problem formulation makes it difficult to quantify the relative size of reductions performed on them. In this work, we develop a method to measure -- independently of the algorithmic design -- the progress that a given iterative propagation procedure has made at a given point in time during its execution. Our measure makes it possible to study and better compare the behavior of bounds propagation algorithms for linear constraints. We apply the new measure to answer two questions of practical relevance: (i) We investigate to what extent heuristic stopping criteria can lead to premature termination on real-world MIP instances. (ii) We compare a GPU-parallel propagation algorithm against a sequential state-of-the-art implementation and show that the parallel version is even more competitive in a real-world setting than originally reported.
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceobject , doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2022-03-11
    Description: The benefits of cutting planes based on the perspective function are well known for many specific classes of mixed-integer nonlinear programs with on/off structures. However, we are not aware of any empirical studies that evaluate their applicability and computational impact over large, heterogeneous test sets in general-purpose solvers. This paper provides a detailed computational study of perspective cuts within a linear programming based branch-and-cut solver for general mixed-integer nonlinear programs. Within this study, we extend the applicability of perspective cuts from convex to non-convex nonlinearities. This generalization is achieved by applying a perspective strengthening to valid linear inequalities which separate solutions of linear relaxations. The resulting method can be applied to any constraint where all variables appearing in nonlinear terms are semi-continuous and depend on at least one common indicator variable. Our computational experiments show that adding perspective cuts for convex constraints yields a consistent improvement of performance, and adding perspective cuts for nonconvex constraints reduces branch-and-bound tree sizes and strengthens the root node relaxation, but has no significant impact on the overall mean time.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2022-01-18
    Description: Conflict-driven pseudo-Boolean solvers optimize 0-1 integer linear programs by extending the conflict-driven clause learning (CDCL) paradigm from SAT solving. Though pseudo-Boolean solvers have the potential to be exponentially more efficient than CDCL solvers in theory, in practice they can sometimes get hopelessly stuck even when the linear programming (LP) relaxation is infeasible over the reals. Inspired by mixed integer programming (MIP), we address this problem by interleaving incremental LP solving with cut generation within the conflict-driven pseudo-Boolean search. This hybrid approach, which for the first time combines MIP techniques with full-blown conflict analysis operating directly on linear inequalities using the cutting planes method, significantly improves performance on a wide range of benchmarks, approaching a "best-of-both-worlds" scenario between SAT-style conflict-driven search and MIP-style branch-and-cut.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2022-03-14
    Description: The last milestone achievement for the roundoff-error-free solution of general mixed integer programs over the rational numbers was a hybrid-precision branch-and-bound algorithm published by Cook, Koch, Steffy, and Wolter in 2013. We describe a substantial revision and extension of this framework that integrates symbolic presolving, features an exact repair step for solutions from primal heuristics, employs a faster rational LP solver based on LP iterative refinement, and is able to produce independently verifiable certificates of optimality. We study the significantly improved performance and give insights into the computational behavior of the new algorithmic components. On the MIPLIB 2017 benchmark set, we observe an average speedup of 6.6x over the original framework and 2.8 times as many instances solved within a time limit of two hours.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2022-01-18
    Description: • Currently, domain propagation in state-of-the-art MIP solvers is single thread only. • The paper presents a novel, efficient GPU algorithm to perform domain propagation. • Challenges are dynamic algorithmic behavior, dependency structures, sparsity patterns. • The algorithm is capable of running entirely on the GPU with no CPU involvement. • We achieve speed-ups of around 10x to 20x, up to 180x on favorably-large instances.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2023-01-09
    Description: Presolving has become an essential component of modern MIP solvers both in terms of computational performance and numerical robustness. In this paper we present PaPILO, a new C++ header-only library that provides a large set of presolving routines for MIP and LP problems from the literature. The creation of PaPILO was motivated by the current lack of (a) solver-independent implementations that (b) exploit parallel hardware, and (c) support multiprecision arithmetic. Traditionally, presolving is designed to be fast. Whenever necessary, its low computational overhead is usually achieved by strict working limits. PaPILO's parallelization framework aims at reducing the computational overhead also when presolving is executed more aggressively or is applied to large-scale problems. To rule out conflicts between parallel presolve reductions, PaPILO uses a transaction-based design. This helps to avoid both the memory-intensive allocation of multiple copies of the problem and special synchronization between presolvers. Additionally, the use of Intel's TBB library aids PaPILO to efficiently exploit recursive parallelism within expensive presolving routines such as probing, dominated columns, or constraint sparsification. We provide an overview of PaPILO's capabilities and insights into important design choices.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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