Library

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
Source
Years
Language
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2022-03-09
    Description: This repository contains triangle meshes of the shadow-recieving surfaces of 13 ancient sundials; three of them are from Greece and 10 from Italy. The meshes are in correspondence.
    Language: English
    Type: researchdata , doc-type:ResearchData
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2022-03-09
    Description: Data sets sampled in Lie groups are widespread, and as with multivariate data, it is important for many applications to assess the differences between the sets in terms of their distributions. Indices for this task are usually derived by considering the Lie group as a Riemannian manifold. Then, however, compatibility with the group operation is guaranteed only if a bi-invariant metric exists, which is not the case for most non-compact and non-commutative groups. We show here that if one considers an affine connection structure instead, one obtains bi-invariant generalizations of well-known dissimilarity measures: a Hotelling $T^2$ statistic, Bhattacharyya distance and Hellinger distance. Each of the dissimilarity measures matches its multivariate counterpart for Euclidean data and is translation-invariant, so that biases, e.g., through an arbitrary choice of reference, are avoided. We further derive non-parametric two-sample tests that are bi-invariant and consistent. We demonstrate the potential of these dissimilarity measures by performing group tests on data of knee configurations and epidemiological shape data. Significant differences are revealed in both cases.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2022-06-20
    Description: Analyzing the relation between intelligence and neural activity is of the utmost importance in understanding the working principles of the human brain in health and disease. In existing literature, functional brain connectomes have been used successfully to predict cognitive measures such as intelligence quotient (IQ) scores in both healthy and disordered cohorts using machine learning models. However, existing methods resort to flattening the brain connectome (i.e., graph) through vectorization which overlooks its topological properties. To address this limitation and inspired from the emerging graph neural networks (GNNs), we design a novel regression GNN model (namely RegGNN) for predicting IQ scores from brain connectivity. On top of that, we introduce a novel, fully modular sample selection method to select the best samples to learn from for our target prediction task. However, since such deep learning architectures are computationally expensive to train, we further propose a \emph{learning-based sample selection} method that learns how to choose the training samples with the highest expected predictive power on unseen samples. For this, we capitalize on the fact that connectomes (i.e., their adjacency matrices) lie in the symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrix cone. Our results on full-scale and verbal IQ prediction outperforms comparison methods in autism spectrum disorder cohorts and achieves a competitive performance for neurotypical subjects using 3-fold cross-validation. Furthermore, we show that our sample selection approach generalizes to other learning-based methods, which shows its usefulness beyond our GNN architecture.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2022-06-24
    Description: The Sasaki metric is the canonical metric on the tangent bundle TM of a Riemannian manifold M. It is highly useful for data analysis in TM (e.g., when one is interested in the statistics of a set of geodesics in M). To this end, computing the Riemannian logarithm is often necessary, and an iterative algorithm was proposed by Muralidharan and Fletcher. In this note, we derive approximation formulas of the energy gradients in their algorithm that we use with success.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2022-07-19
    Description: This paper presents the methods and results of the SHREC’21 contest on a dataset of cultural heritage (CH) objects. We present a dataset of 938 scanned models that have varied geometry and artistic styles. For the competition, we propose two challenges: the retrieval-by-shape challenge and the retrieval-by-culture challenge. The former aims at evaluating the ability of retrieval methods to discriminate cultural heritage objects by overall shape. The latter focuses on assessing the effectiveness of retrieving objects from the same culture. Both challenges constitute a suitable scenario to evaluate modern shape retrieval methods in a CH domain. Ten groups participated in the contest: thirty runs were submitted for the retrieval-by-shape task, and twenty-six runs were submitted for the retrieval-by-culture challenge. The results show a predominance of learning methods on image-based multi-view representations to characterize 3D objects. Nevertheless, the problem presented in our challenges is far from being solved. We also identify the potential paths for further improvements and give insights into the future directions of research.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2022-07-19
    Description: Intrinsic and parametric regression models are of high interest for the statistical analysis of manifold-valued data such as images and shapes. The standard linear ansatz has been generalized to geodesic regression on manifolds making it possible to analyze dependencies of random variables that spread along generalized straight lines. Nevertheless, in some scenarios, the evolution of the data cannot be modeled adequately by a geodesic. We present a framework for nonlinear regression on manifolds by considering Riemannian splines, whose segments are Bézier curves, as trajectories. Unlike variational formulations that require time-discretization, we take a constructive approach that provides efficient and exact evaluation by virtue of the generalized de Casteljau algorithm. We validate our method in experiments on the reconstruction of periodic motion of the mitral valve as well as the analysis of femoral shape changes during the course of osteoarthritis, endorsing Bézier spline regression as an effective and flexible tool for manifold-valued regression.
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceobject , doc-type:conferenceObject
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2022-07-19
    Description: Large longitudinal studies provide lots of valuable information, especially in medical applications. A problem which must be taken care of in order to utilize their full potential is that of correlation between intra-subject measurements taken at different times. For data in Euclidean space this can be done with hierarchical models, that is, models that consider intra-subject and between-subject variability in two different stages. Nevertheless, data from medical studies often takes values in nonlinear manifolds. Here, as a first step, geodesic hierarchical models have been developed that generalize the linear ansatz by assuming that time-induced intra-subject variations occur along a generalized straight line in the manifold. However, this is often not the case (e.g., periodic motion or processes with saturation). We propose a hierarchical model for manifold-valued data that extends this to include trends along higher-order curves, namely Bézier splines in the manifold. To this end, we present a principled way of comparing shape trends in terms of a functional-based Riemannian metric. Remarkably, this metric allows efficient, yet simple computations by virtue of a variational time discretization requiring only the solution of regression problems. We validate our model on longitudinal data from the osteoarthritis initiative, including classification of disease progression.
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceobject , doc-type:conferenceObject
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2022-07-19
    Description: We propose generalizations of the T²-statistics of Hotelling and the Bhattacharayya distance for data taking values in Lie groups. A key feature of the derived measures is that they are compatible with the group structure even for manifolds that do not admit any bi-invariant metric. This property, e.g., assures analysis that does not depend on the reference shape, thus, preventing bias due to arbitrary choices thereof. Furthermore, the generalizations agree with the common definitions for the special case of flat vector spaces guaranteeing consistency. Employing a permutation test setup, we further obtain nonparametric, two-sample testing procedures that themselves are bi-invariant and consistent. We validate our method in group tests revealing significant differences in hippocampal shape between individuals with mild cognitive impairment and normal controls.
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceobject , doc-type:conferenceObject
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 2022-07-19
    Description: Morphomatics is an open-source Python library for (statistical) shape analysis developed within the geometric data analysis and processing research group at Zuse Institute Berlin. It contains prototype implementations of intrinsic manifold-based methods that are highly consistent and avoid the influence of unwanted effects such as bias due to arbitrary choices of coordinates.
    Language: English
    Type: software , doc-type:Other
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...