Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract While the role of the H-2 complex in the resistance to virally induced tumors has been extensively studied, little is known about its influence on the development of epithelial tumors of non-viral etiology, although such tumors are most prevalent in humans. Therefore, we analyzed the role of the H-2 complex in susceptibility to mammary tumors induced by hormonal stimulation from heterotopic hypophyseal isografts in H-2 congenic strains from C57BL/10, BALB/c, and 020/A backgrounds. This method of induction allows an assessment of the effect ofH-2 genes on the function of various organs involved in this process. We found that the tumor susceptibility genes map to two segments: PE-S, and to the right of S. The mechanisms by which the H-2 complex affects the induction of mammary tumors in C57BL/10 congenic strains seem to include an influence on several factors involved in the hormonal stimulation, because the susceptible B10 congenic strains have higher plasma levels of prolactin and the H-2 complex also affects the growth of hypophyseal isografts. Their size correlates with tumor development in individual mice in the resistant C57BL/10 congenic strains. We reported previously H-2-dependent differences in levels of the estrogen receptor in hypophysis. For this study, we measured the levels of estrogen receptors in uteri to assess the tissue specificity of this effect of H-2. However, no influence of the H-2 complex on estrogen receptor levels was observed in uteri. Strains from BALB/c and 020 backgrounds developed mammary tumors much earlier than the B10 congenic strains, indicating a strong influence of non-H-2 genes.
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