Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Background We reviewed the functional outcome and late complications of continent urinary reservoirs (CUR) constructed with a cecocolonic segment, including the Indiana pouch, in 37 patients treated in our clinic. Methods The CUR procedure was performed on 37 patients, creating partially detubularized (PD) reservoirs in 9 patients, totally detubularized (TD) reservoirs in 16 patients and reservoirs with an ileal patch (IP) in 12 patients. Continence was achieved by the nipple valve in 10 patients and by ileal plication in 27 patients. The mean follow-up period was 46 months (range, 15 to 87 months). The function of the reservoir was evaluated by measurement of the intrareservoir pressure. Results Patients with the TD reservoir had less frequent appearance of involuntary, phasic elevation of the intrareservoir pressure (30.8%) than those with the PD reservoir (62.5%). In contrast, this phasic elevation was found in only 1 patient with an IP reservoir. The IP reservoir had the largest capacity accompanied by the lowest maximum intrareservoir pressure. Total incontinence was observed in 2 patients with ileal plication due to disruption of the plicated sutures on the terminal ileum. Frequent difficulty in catheterizing the reservoir was found in 2 patients, and reservoir-ureter reflux was found in 3 renal units. The serum chloride level was significantly elevated after surgery, however, in most patients the levels remained within normal limits. Conclusion Our experience of the outcome and late complications of reservoirs indicates that the cecocolonic reservoir with an ileal patch and stapled ileal plication, i.e., the Indiana pouch, is a better choice for continent urinary diversion for patients who need a cystectomy.
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