Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. The factors that can influence the outcome of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) are numerous. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of recipient preoperative factors on patient mortality. Between April 1986 and April 1998 a total of 600 OLTs were performed in our institution. We retrospectively reviewed our first 203 consecutive primary adult OLTs with at least 4 years of follow-up. A case-control comparison was performed between survivors and nonsurvivors, and differences in recipient variables were studied for their correlation with patient mortality. A logistic regression analysis was also performed. Mortality was significantly increased among those with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) (66.6%, p= 0.003), primary cancer (63.1%, p= 0.018), females (46.1%, p= 0.043), encephalopathy grade IV (72.7%, p= 0.012), recipients under respiratory support (69.2%, p= 0.031), and ABO-incompatible transplants (80%, p= 0.05). FHF, primary cancer, and female gender were the only variables that had a significant association with mortality in the logistic regression analysis. A higher incidence of prolonged respiratory support, bacterial and fungal infections, pneumonia, and chronic rejection contributed to the lower outcome observed in females. These results stress the need for continuous evaluation of the selection criteria of candidates for OLT suffering from primary cancer and FHF. The impact of recipient gender on mortality warrants further analysis but suggests that in the future more attention must be paid to the influence of this factor on the final outcome of OLT.
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