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  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Hundreds of small RNAs of ∼22 nucleotides, collectively named microRNAs (miRNAs), have been discovered recently in animals and plants. Although their functions are being unravelled, their mechanism of biogenesis remains poorly understood. miRNAs are transcribed as long primary transcripts ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of biomedical science 5 (1998), S. 267-273 
    ISSN: 1423-0127
    Keywords: Grave's disease ; Human foamy virus ; Korea ; Molecular epidemiology
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The possible association of human foamy virus (HFV) with human thyroid disorders such as Graves' disease (GD) has been a topic of controversy due to the inconsistent results reported by several groups of investigators. Here we report the investigation of the presence of HFV-related sequences in the Korean population. DNA was obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes from 24 GD patients and 23 healthy blood donors and subjected to PCR amplification using three sets of nested primers derived fromgag, env, and LTR regions of the HFV genome. Contrary to previously reported studies, our analysis identified HFV-related sequences in the genomes of both healthy individuals and the GD patients. However, the nature of the HFV genome present in each group appeared to be different. We detected all 3 regions of HFV-related sequences in 29% of the HFV-positive GD patients, while no samples in the control group amplified all three regions. This suggests that the LTR may be used as a tool for screening for HFV in GD patients. Our data favor the hypothesis of a relationship between GD and the presence of HFV-related sequences, though in a complex way.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Molecular genetics and genomics 211 (1988), S. 472-476 
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; TRP1 promoter ; REgion of dyad symmetry ; AT rich tracts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Transcription from the yeast TRP1 promoter results in two classes of transcript, I and II, that are influenced by different promoter elements. The 5′ flanking region contains a region of dyad symmetry (RDS) which contains a 12 nucleotide AT rich inverted repeat, separated by a 21 bp spacer region. The RDS lies within a region of the promoter required for transcription of calls II RNAs. A series of internal deletions and insertions have been constructed in vitro around the RDS and the effect of each mutation on transcription has been analysed. Deleting either of the repeats abolishes class II transcription and disruption of both repeats influenced the levels of the larger class I transcripts. Deletion of the spacer had no effect but increasing the length to 33 bp reduced transcription. These results show that the RDS is an important component of the TRP1 promoter, that both repeats must be preserved and that there is some constraint on the spacing of the repeats for maximal function.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; TRPI promoter ; Upstream activating sequences ; PGK
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The interactions between different upstream activator sequences (UAS) and the downstream transcriptional elements of the TRP1 promoter were studied. We have inserted the UAS from the PGK gene into a series of TRP1 promoter deletions such that the PGK UAS is positioned at various distances upstream from or replaces the TRP1 UAS (UAST1). We show that activation of the TRP1 transcription unit I by the PGK UAS shows a marked position dependence, which is solely a function of the position of the PGK UAS relative to sequences involved in the determination of the RNA initiation sites in the TRP1 promoter. No cooperative activation is seen when both UASs are present in the promoter; the PGK UAS is dominant and is not repressed by the TRPI negative element. In addition, we show that the PGK and TRP1 UASs interact differently with TATA sequence at the TRP1 RNA initiation site. Our results suggest that these UASs are functionally distinct because they use different mechanisms for activating heterologous promoters.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2021-12-09
    Description: We report our progress on the project for solving larger scale quadratic assignment problems (QAPs). Our main approach to solve large scale NP-hard combinatorial optimization problems such as QAPs is a parallel branch-and-bound method efficiently implemented on a powerful computer system using the Ubiquity Generator(UG) framework that can utilize more than 100,000 cores. Lower bounding procedures incorporated in the branch-and-bound method play a crucial role in solving the problems. For a strong lower bounding procedure, we employ the Lagrangian doubly nonnegative (DNN) relaxation and the Newton-bracketing method developed by the authors’ group. In this report, we describe some basic tools used in the project including the lower bounding procedure and branching rules, and present some preliminary numerical results. Our next target problem is QAPs with dimension at least 50, as we have succeeded to solve tai30a and sko42 from QAPLIB for the first time.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2022-05-13
    Description: 二次割当問題は線形緩和が弱いことが知られ,強化のため多様な緩和手法が考案されているが,その一つである二重非負値計画緩和( DNN 緩和)及びその解法として近年研究が進んでいるニュートン・ブラケット法を紹介し,それらに基づく分枝限定法の実装及び数値実験結果について報告する.
    Language: Japanese
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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