Key words: Aging – Bone loss – Bone mineral density – French Canadian women, Postmenopausal women
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract: This cross-sectional study investigated bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine (L2–4) and femoral neck in French Canadian women residing in the Quebec city area. Data collection was initiated in 1988 and completed in 1994. A total of 747 French Canadian Caucasian women (16–79 years of age) with no metabolic bone disease were evaluated. BMD measurements were obtained using dual-photon absorptiometry (DPA) or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Anthropometric measures such as weight, height and body mass index (BMI) were recorded. Medical files provided information on demographic characteristics, hormonal profile and lifestyle habits. Results show a curvilinear trend of BMD with aging. Furthermore, the peak BMD at the lumbar spine (L2–4) was reached at 29 years followed by a stable phase until 35 years, after which BMD started to decrease. The pattern of bone evolution at the femoral neck was different, peak BMD being achieved earlier, at 21 years, while after age 26 years a significant decrease was already observed. Women older than 60 years showed the lowest BMD. Regression analysis showed that age, weight and height are determinants of BMD at the lumbar spine and explained 33.9% of inter-individual variation. At the femoral neck, 29.1% of variation was explained by age and height only. In conclusion, our data suggest that French Canadian women have a different pattern of bone loss at the femoral neck compared with the lumbar spine, according to their mean BMD values.
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