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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4951
    Keywords: QSAR ; Conformational analysis ; Prostaglandin synthase ; Antiinflammatory ; Amfenac
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary The new nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) arylacetic amfenac (2-amino-3-benzoylphenylacetic acid) and 19 substituted derivatives were studied in order to correlate the biological activities with the structure-related parameters. The geometry of amfenac in neutral and anionic form was totally optimized, starting from standard geometries and crystallographic data, using semiempirical AM1 and MNDO quantum-mechanical methods. Conformational analysis shows the existence of a rigid structure for rotations of the acetic acid chain (α°) and the central carbonyl group (γ°) around the bonds with the phenylamine ring, whereas the carboxyl group (β°) and the phenyl ring of the benzoyl group (δ°) can rotate almost freely. Electrostatic potential maps were analyzed and showed that the electrostatic orientation effect seems to make an important contribution to the binding of the active compounds to prostaglandin synthase. An electrostatic orientation model of the binding site is proposed. The frontier orbital charge distribution was also described for each compound. On the other hand, steric, electronic and hydrophobic (log P) parameters were calculated and QSAR analysis showed that the most significant parameter for the antiinflammatory activity was the π-electron density of the HOMO orbital in the second aromatic ring. These results suggest a possible electronic charge transfer between the aromatic fragments and the receptor.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4951
    Keywords: Molecular electrostatic potential ; Computational chemistry software ; Molecular alignment ; Molecular similarity ; Spearman coefficient
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary MEPSIM is a computational system which allows an integrated computation, analysis, and comparison of molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) distributions. It includes several modules. Module MEPPLA supplies MEP values for the points of a grid defined on a plane which is specified by a set of three points. The results of this program can easily be converted into MEP maps using third-parties graphical software. Module MEPMIN allows to find automatically the MEP minima of a molecular system. It supplies the cartesian coordinates of these minima, their values, and all the geometrical relationships between them (distances, angles, and dihedral angles). Module MEPCOMP computes a similarity coefficient between the MEP distributions of two molecules and finds their relative position that maximizes the similarity. Module MEPCONF performs the same process as MEPCOMP, considering not only the relative position of both molecules but also a conformational degree of freedom of one of them. The most recently developed module, MEPPAR, is another modification of MEPCOMP in order to compute the MEP similarity between two molecules, but only taking into account a particular plane. The latter module is particularly useful to compare MEP distributions generated by π systems of aromatic rings. MEPSIM can use several wavefunction computation approaches to obtain MEP distributions. MEPSIM has a menu type interface to simplify the following tasks: creation of input files from output files of external programs (GAUSSIAN and AMPAC/MOPAC), setting the parameters for the current computation, and submitting jobs to the batch queues of the computer. MEPSIM has been coded in FORTRAN and its current version runs on VMS/VAX computers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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