Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
1. The effects of propranolol, atenolol (ICI 66,082), practolol and pindolol on heart rate and maximal left ventricular dp/dt, atrioventricular conduction time, mean aortic flow and diastolic blood pressure during cardiac pacing were investigated over a wide dose range (0.025-4.0 mg/kg, i.v.) in dogs anaesthetized with pentobarbitone.2. Propranolol and atenolol produced similar reductions in haemodynamic parameters. Propranolol had no further effect in dogs pretreated with atenolol.3. Practolol tended to cause smaller reductions in the haemodynamic parameters than either propranolol or atenolol. Subsequent administration of propranolol still had some depressant activity.4. Pindolol produced a biphasic response, with depression of cardiac function at the low doses (0.025 and 0.1 mg/kg), but a reversal of effect as the dose was increased.5. It is therefore concluded that, in anaesthetized dogs, the intrinsic activity of practolol and pindolol limits the fall in heart rate, cardiac conduction, aortic flow and maximal dp/dt observed with β-adrenoceptor blockade. With pindolol, however, the influence of intrinsic activity is observed only in high doses related to β-adrenoceptor blockade.
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