asymmetric traveling salesman problem
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract In this article we consider a variant of the classical asymmetric traveling salesman problem (ATSP), namely the ATSP in which precedence constraints require that certain nodes must precede certain other nodes in any feasible directed tour. This problem occurs as a basic model in scheduling and routing and has a wide range of applications varying from helicopter routing (Timlin, Master's Thesis, Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, 1989), sequencing in flexible manufacturing (Ascheuer et al., Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, 1990, pp. 19–28; Idem., SIAM Journal on Optimization, vol. 3, pp. 25–42, 1993), to stacker crane routing in an automatic storage system (Ascheuer, Ph.D. Thesis, Tech. Univ. Berlin, 1995). We give an integer programming model and summarize known classes of valid inequalities. We describe in detail the implementation of a branch&cut-algorithm and give computational results on real-world instances and benchmark problems from TSPLIB. The results we achieve indicate that our implementation outperforms other implementations found in the literature. Real world instances with more than 200 nodes can be solved to optimality within a few minutes of CPU-time. As a side product we obtain a branch&cut-algorithm for the ATSP. All instances in TSPLIB can be solved to optimality in a reasonable amount of computation time.
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