Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
The effects of alkali treatment, nitrogen supplement and hydraulic retention time on methane production rate from semi-continuous anaerobic digestion of 5% wheat straw-water mixtures were investigated. The experiments were carried out in laboratory scale fermenters, fed with 1 1 of basic, alkali treated and nitrogen supplemented 5% wheat straw-water mixtures, respectively, and maintained at 55 °C. Digestion experiments were performed for hydraulic retention times of 8, 10 and 15 days. The amount and composition of produced gas were measured until steady state was attained in each run. The steady-state methane production rates were found to increase with hydraulic retention time and with the type of slurry in the following order; basic, nitrogen supplemented and alkali treated slurry. Data obtained from the experiments were employed to determine the kinetics of methane production from anaerobic digestion of wheat straw, for the assessment of pretreatment effects on process kinetics. The predicted methane production rates were found to be in a reasonably good agreement with the measurements.
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