Key words: Na:K pump — Dopamine — Parathyroid hormone — Phospholipase C — Protein kinase C — Cytochrome P450-monooxygenase
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract. To evaluate further the signal transduction mechanisms involved in the short-term modulation of Na-K-ATPase activity in the mammalian kidney, we examined the role of phospholipase C-protein kinase C (PLC-PKC) pathway and of various eicosanoids in this process, using microdissected rat proximal convoluted tubules. Dopamine (DA) and parathyroid hormone (either synthetic PTH1-34 or PTH3-34) inhibited Na-K-ATPase activity in dose-dependent manner; this effect was reproduced by PKC530-558 fragment and blocked by the specific PKC inhibitor calphostin C, as well as by the PLC inhibitors neomycin and U-73122. Pump inhibition by DA, PTH, or arachidonic acid, and by PKC activators phorbol dibutyrate (PDBu) or dioctanoyl glycerol (DiC8) was abolished by ethoxyresorufin, an inhibitor of the cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase pathway, but was unaffected by indomethacin or nordihydroguaiaretic acid, inhibitors of the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways of the arachidonic acid cascade, respectively. Furthermore, each of the three monooxygenase products tested (20-HETE, 12(R)-HETE, or 11,12-DHT) caused a dose-dependent inhibition of the pump. The effect of DA, PTH, PDBu or DiC8, as well as that of 20-HETE was not altered when sodium entry was blocked with the amiloride analog ethylisopropyl amiloride or increased with nystatin. We conclude that short-term regulation of proximal tubule Na-K-ATPase activity by dopamine and parathyroid hormone occurs via the PLC-PKC signal transduction pathway and is mediated by cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism, which may interact with the pump rather than alter sodium access to it.
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