Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
A rye-cytoplasmic tetraploid triticale was found in Fs progenies of crosses between tetraploid rye‘No 1323’and hexaploid triticale‘KT 77′. In the tetraploid triticale, two complete rye genomes and two mixed wheat genomes, consisting of the chromosomes 1A. 2A, 4A, 7A, 3B, 5B, and 6B are present. The rye cytoplasm did not affect stability of rye chromosome pairing during metaphase 1, since rye chromosomes participated in pairing irregularities just as did wheat chramosomes, even on a larger scale. The fertility of F0, plants ranged from 0 to 75.6 %, always associated with high grain shrivelling. The analyzed pairing behaviour of induced triploid hybrids from crosses between the tetraploid triticale and diploid rye indicates the presence of at least one wheat-rye translocation in one of the investigated triploid plants.
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