Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Influence of pH, salt, phosphate, cooking temperature, muscle variation, carcass sex and maturity on lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, E.C. 22.214.171.124) activity in bovine tissue slurries was investigated. LDH activity declined sharply as temperature neared 63°C at pH 5.6 and 6.4, but no activity was detected at pH 4.8. As salt and phosphate concentrations increased, LDH activity decreased. LDH activity varied greatly from muscle to muscle. Carcasses did not differ in LDH activity by sex, but showed a decrease in activity as maturity increased. LDH has potential as a determinant of the minimum heating endpoint in precooked beef and a rapid analytical test could be developed.
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