Key words. Apoptosis; Bcl-2; protein kinase C; follicular lymphoma; phosphorylation.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. A newly established human lymphoma cell line (OZ) has the t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation and expresses large amounts of Bcl-2 compared to CCRF-CEM cells. VP-16 (40 μg/mL), a promising agent against lymphoma, caused DNA fragmentation (26.9% of total DNA) typical for apoptosis at 6 h in CCRF-CEM cells, but no significant changes in OZ cells until 24 h after the addition of VP-16. However, coincubation with calphostin C (0.2 μg/mL), a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, induced DNA fragmentation in VP-16-treated OZ cells (13.5% of total DNA) at 6 h after the treatment. Simultaneous immunoblot analysis revealed that this induction of apoptosis coincided with the downregulation of serine-phosphorylated Bcl-2 (13% of control cells). By contrast, apoptosis induced by VP-16 in CCRF-CEM cells was attenuated by the addition of 0.5 μM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, a potent PKC stimulator. These observations suggest that Bcl-2 function is partly regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation mechanisms of the PKC system, and that phosphorylated Bcl-2 in lymphoma cells may play a role in the prevention of apoptosis.
Type of Medium: