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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: GspB and Hsa are homologous serine-rich surface glycoproteins of Streptococcus gordonii strains M99 and Challis, respectively, that mediate the binding of these organisms to platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) Ibα. Both GspB and Hsa consist of an N-terminal putative signal peptide, a short serine-rich region, a region (BR) that is rich in basic amino acids, a longer serine-rich region and a C-terminal cell wall anchoring domain. To further assess the mechanisms for GspB and Hsa binding, we investigated the binding of the BRs of GspB and Hsa (expressed as glutathione S-tranferase fusion proteins) to sialylated glycoproteins in vitro. Both fusion proteins showed significant levels of binding to sialylated moieties on fetuin and GPIbα. In contrast, the corresponding region of a GspB homologue of Streptococcus agalactiae, which is acidic rather than basic, showed no binding to either fetuin or GPIbα. As measured by surface plasmon resonance kinetic analysis, GspB- and Hsa-derived fusion proteins had high affinity for GPIbα, but with somewhat different dissociation constants. Dot blot analysis using a panel of synthesized oligosaccharides revealed that the BR of Hsa can bind both α(2-3) sialyllactosamine [NeuAcα(2-3)Galβ(1-4)GlcNAc] and sialyl-T antigen [NeuAcα(2-3)Galβ(1-3)GalNAc], whereas the BR of GspB only bound sialyl-T antigen. Moreover, far Western blotting using platelet membrane proteins revealed that GPIbα is the principal receptor for GspB and Hsa on human platelets. The combined results indicate that the BRs of GspB and Hsa are the binding domains of these adhesins. However, the subsets of carbohydrate structures on GPIbα recognized by the binding domains appear to be different between the two proteins.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Molecular microbiology 58 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: GspB is a large cell-surface glycoprotein expressed by Streptococcus gordonii M99 that mediates binding of this organism to human platelets. This adhesin is glycosylated in the cytoplasm, and is then transported to the cell surface via an accessory Sec system. To assess the structural features of GspB that are needed for export, we examined the effects of altering the carbohydrate moieties or the polypeptide backbone of GspB. Truncated, glycosylated variants of GspB were exported exclusively via the accessory Sec pathway. When glycosylation was abolished, the GspB variants were still exported by this pathway, but minor amounts could also be transported by the canonical Sec system. GspB variants with in-frame insertions or deletions in the N-terminus were not secreted, indicating that this domain is necessary for export. However, the N-terminus is not sufficient for the transport of heterologous proteins, because C-terminal fusion of passenger proteins to this domain hindered export. In contrast, fusion of GspB to a canonical signal peptide resulted in the efficient export of non-glycosylated forms of the fusion protein via the canonical Sec pathway, whereas glycosylated forms could not be exported. Thus, the carbohydrate moieties and the atypical signal sequence of GspB interfere with export via the canonical pathway, and direct GspB towards the accessory Sec system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Platelet binding by Streptococcus gordonii strain M99 is strongly correlated with the expression of the large surface glycoprotein GspB. A 14 kb chromosomal region downstream of gspB was previously shown to be required for the expression of this protein. The region encodes SecA2 and SecY2, which are components of an accessory secretion system dedicated specifically to the export of GspB. The region also includes three genes (gly, nss and gtf) that encode proteins likely to function in carbohydrate metabolism, and four genes (orf1–4) that encode proteins of unknown function. In this report, we have investigated the role of these genes in GspB expression. We found that disruption of orf1, orf2 or orf3 resulted in a loss of GspB export and the intracellular accumulation of GspB. As they are apparently essential components of the accessory secretion system, these genes were renamed asp1–3 (for accessory secretory protein). In gtf and orf4 mutants, gspB was transcribed, but no GspB was detected. These results suggest that Gtf and Orf4 are required for the translation or for the stability of GspB. In contrast, gly and nss mutants were able to express and export GspB. However, disruption of these genes appeared to affect the carbohydrate composition of this glycoprotein. As asp1–3, gtf and orf4, but not gly and nss, are conserved in the accessory sec loci of several staphylococcal and streptococcal species, these genes may also have crucial roles in the expression and export of GspB homologues in the other Gram-positive bacteria.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    FEMS microbiology letters 219 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Streptococcus suis NCTC10234 possesses five srtA homologs: srtA encodes sortase, which anchors surface proteins with an LPXTG motif to the cell wall, while the functions of the other four homologs (the srtBCD cluster and srtE) remain unknown. The genetic organization of the srtA region was found to be conserved in the 59 S. suis strains examined in this study. Although the srtA s in three of these strains showed strong sequence divergence, their functions were verified to be overlapping by genetic complementation, indicating the functional conservation of srtA s during the evolution of these strains. These results indicate the importance of an srtA-mediated cell wall sorting system for displaying proteins on the surface of S. suis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current microbiology 40 (2000), S. 61-66 
    ISSN: 1432-0991
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. A small cryptic plasmid designated pSSU1 was isolated from Streptococcus suis serotype 2 strain DAT1. The complete sequence of pSSU1 was 4975 bp and contained six major open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1 and ORF2 encode for proteins highly homologous to CopG and RepB of the pMV158 family, respectively. ORF5 encodes for a protein highly homologous to Mob of pMV158. ORF4 encodes for a protein highly homologous to orf3 of pVA380-1 of S. ferus, but its function is unknown. There was no similarity between ORF3 and ORF6 and other protein sequences. In this plasmid, the ORF1 (CopG protein) was preceded by two multiples of direct repeat and the conserved nucleotides that could be the double-strand origin (DSO) of rolling circle replication (RCR) mechanism. The ORF5 (Mob protein) was followed by a potential hairpin loop that could be the single-strand origin (SSO) of RCR mechanism. The sequence, which was complementary to the leader region of Rep mRNA, was homologous to the countertranscribed RNA (ctRNA) of pLS1. Moreover, a 5-amino acid conserved sequence was found in C terminal of Rep and putative Rep proteins of several pMV158 family plasmids. These observations suggest that this plasmid replicates by use of the rolling circle mechanism.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0991
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. We have cloned and sequenced a gene encoding O-acetylserine lyase from Streptococcus suis. The gene encodes a protein of 309 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 32,038 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence showed more extensive similarities to the CysK proteins than to the CysM proteins of other bacteria. The cloned gene was inserted into a pTrcHisB histidine hexamer expression vector. A 38-kDa fusion protein was expressed in a cysMK auxotrophic mutant of Salmonella typhimurium and complemented the auxotrophic properties of the mutant. Furthermore, the transformants could grow in minimal defined media supplemented with not only sulfide but also thiosulfate as a sole sulfur source. These data indicated that the cloned gene encodes a protein that was a functional homolog of the CysM in S. typhimurium.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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