Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Five yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones containing the human casein gene family were isolated and characterized to study the control mechanisms for the expression of these genes. Partial restriction analysis in conjunction with the chromosomal fragmentation method and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis were performed to construct a detailed physical map of the casein gene family and to determine the chromosomal localization of these genes. The isolated YAC clones 748F3, 750D11, 882G11, 886B3 and 960D2 were 1.2 Mb, 860 kb, 800 kb 1.5 Mb and 1.5 Mb in size, respectively. The clones 748F3, 882G11, 886B3 and 960D2 contained the entire casein gene family, while the κ-casein gene was absent in 750D11. The human αS1-, β- and κ-casein genes were found to be closely linked and arranged in the order αS1-β-κ. The distance between αS1 and β, and between αS1 and κ was approximately 10 and 300 kb, respectively. The β-casein gene was oriented in the opposite direction to the αS1- and κ-casein genes. The casein gene family was localized to chromosome 4q21.1 by FISH analysis.
Type of Medium: