Key words Mitochondrial DNA mutation
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
gestational diabetes mellitus.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Mitochondrial DNA is exclusively maternally inherited. We recently found the prevalence of diabetic patients with an A to G transition at position 3243 of leucine tRNA (3243 base pair (bp) mutation) to be nearly 1 % in randomly selected Japanese subjects. Here, we report the higher prevalence of diabetic patients with the 3243 bp mutation in a specific Japanese population of women attending a diabetic pregnancy clinic. Of 102 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus 6 (5.9 %) were positive for the mutation, 1 (8.3 %) of 12 patients with gestational diabetes and 2 (5.9 %) out of 34 borderline diabetic patients. In contrast, none of 64 patients (0 %) with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus had the 3243 bp mutation. Moreover, there was a difference in the prevalence of spontaneous abortions between patients with and without this mutation (27.3 vs 12.4 %). Among nine probands with the mutation, four had a history of one spontaneous abortion (p = 0.0518) and two had a history of two abortions (p = 0.0479). Two probands had a spontaneous abortion even while under strict diabetic metabolic control. The 3243 bp mutation thus may cause spontaneous abortion during pregnancy. [Diabetologia (1995) 38: 809–815]
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