Mathematics Subject Classification (1991): 76N99, 76M25, 65M12, 65M99
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary. Fluid mechanics describes the motion of mass in space under the influence of internal and external forces. The particle model presented in this article is based on this fact. The fluid is subdivided into a finite number of small mass packets, the particles. These mass packets have a finite extension and share all properties with the fluid, except for the restriction that they cannot get deformed and can perform only rigid body motions. The forces acting upon the particles are identical to those acting on a part of a fluid. The exact conservation of mass and, for the case of adiabatic flows, also of entropy is automatically guaranteed by the approach. When the particle size tends to zero, the mean local displacement of the particles converges in the weak sense. In the inviscid case, the resulting flows can be regarded as solutions of the Euler equations.
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