Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The contribution of T-, L-, N-, P-, and Q-type Ca2+ channels to pre-and postsynaptic Ca2+ entry during stimulus-induced high neuronal activity in area CA1 of rat hippocampal slices was investigated by measuring the effect of specific blockers on stimulus-induced decreases in extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]0). [Ca2+]0 was measured with ion-selective electrodes in stratum radiatum (SR) and stratum pyramidale (SP), while Ca2+ entry into neurons was induced with stimulus trains (20 Hz for 10 s) alternately delivered to SR and the alveus, respectively. The [Ca2+]0 decreases recorded in SR in response to SR stimulation represented mainly presynaptic Ca2+ entry (Capre), while [Ca2+]0 decreases recorded in SP in response to alvear stimulation were predominantly based on postsynaptic Ca2+ entry (Capost). Ethosuximide and trimethadione were ineffective m concentrations up to 1 mM. At 10 mM, they reduced Capost and, much less, also Capre Nimodipine (25 μM) reduced Capost and, to a minor extent, Capre. ω-Agatoxin IVA (0.4–1 μM) and ω-conotoxin MVIIC (1 μM) also reduced both Capre and Capost, but with a stronger action on Capre. ω-Conotoxin GVIA (3–8 μM) reduced Capost without effect on Capre. We conclude that during stimulus-induced, high-frequency neuronal activity Capost is carried by P/Q-, N-, and L-type channels and probably a further channel type different from these channels. Capre includes at least P/Q-and possibly L-type channels. N-type channels did not contribute to Capre in our experiments. Since ethosuximide and trimethadione were only effective in high concentrations, their action may be unspecific. Thus, T-type channels do not seem to play a major part in Ca2+ entry in this situation.
Type of Medium: