Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The solution of systems of linear equations with Hankel coefficient matrices can be computed with onlyO(n 2) arithmetic operations, as compared toO(n 3) operations for the general cases. However, the classical Hankel solvers require the nonsingularity of all leading principal submatrices of the Hankel matrix. The known extensions of these algorithms to general Hankel systems can handle only exactly singular submatrices, but not ill-conditioned ones, and hence they are numerically unstable. In this paper, a stable procedure for solving general nonsingular Hankel systems is presented, using a look-ahead technique to skip over singular or ill-conditioned submatrices. The proposed approach is based on a look-ahead variant of the nonsymmetric Lanczos process that was recently developed by Freund, Gutknecht, and Nachtigal. We first derive a somewhat more general formulation of this look-ahead Lanczos algorithm in terms of formally orthogonal polynomials, which then yields the look-ahead Hankel solver as a special case. We prove some general properties of the resulting look-ahead algorithm for formally orthogonal polynomials. These results are then utilized in the implementation of the Hankel solver. We report some numerical experiments for Hankel systems with ill-conditioned submatrices.
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