AIP Digital Archive
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
A method of obtaining absolute, direct measurements of the spatial and spectral characteristics of bremsstrahlung is discussed. This technique, called x-ray activation of nuclei (XAN) is based on the use of well-known photonuclear reactions which populate long-lived nuclear isomers. These populations sample incident photon continua at discrete excitation energies and effectively store this information for convenient retrieval following the irradiation of gram-sized targets. Recently a series of experiments has been conducted which has significantly expanded the available data for the photoexcitation of a wide range of isomers at higher energies. Thus it has become feasible to extend the use of XAN to energies approaching 4 MeV. The utility of this technique is demonstrated by the characterization of bremsstrahlung from the newly installed research linac at the University of Texas at Dallas.
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