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  • Opus Repository ZIB  (282)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-03-09
    Description: In this paper we investigate whether matrices arising from linear or integer programming problems can be decomposed into so-called {\em bordered block diagonal form}. More precisely, given some matrix $A$, we try to assign as many rows as possible to some number of blocks of limited size such that no two rows assigned to different blocks intersect in a common column. Bordered block diagonal form is desirable because it can guide and speed up the solution process for linear and integer programming problems. We show that various matrices from the %LP- and MIP-libraries \Netlib{} and MIPLIB can indeed be decomposed into this form by computing optimal decompositions or decompositions with proven quality. These computations are done with a branch-and-cut algorithm based on polyhedral investigations of the matrix decomposition problem.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/postscript
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: This paper is about {\em set packing relaxations\/} of combinatorial optimization problems associated with acyclic digraphs and linear orderings, cuts and multicuts, and vertex packings themselves. Families of inequalities that are valid for such a relaxation as well as the associated separation routines carry over to the problems under investigation.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/postscript
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: Wir geben eine Einführung in die Mathematik von und mit Wegen. Nicht auf dem kürzesten, aber auf einem hoffentlich kurzweiligen Weg!
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/postscript
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: "`Telebus"' ist der soziale Behindertenfahrdienst im Land Berlin. Das Telebus-Forschungsprojekt des Konrad-Zuse-Zentrums für Informationstechnik (ZIB) hat das Ziel, den Fahrdienst (insbesondere die Disposition der Telebusse) zu verbessern, d.h. kundenfreundlicher zu gestalten und gleichzeitig billiger zu machen. In diesem Bericht werden die bisherigen Ergebnisse dargestellt und weitere Möglichkeiten zur Verbesserung des Service und zur Reduzierung der Kosten skizziert. \originalTeX
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2020-03-09
    Description: Dieser Artikel behandelt einen Ansatz zur zielorientierten Optimierung der Dienstplanung im ÖPNV. Der Ansatz zielt auf die vollständige Ausnutzung aller planerischen Freiheitsgrade unter korrekter Berücksichtigung von gesetzlichen, tariflichen, technischen und betrieblichen Rahmenbedingungen. Er basiert auf mathematischen Optimierungstechniken, die wir gegenwärtig in einem vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung ({\tt bmb+f}) geförderten Verbundprojekt in einer Kooperation zwischen der HanseCom GmbH, der IVU GmbH und dem Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin entwickeln. Es ist geplant, das Verfahren in die Softwareprodukte HOT II, MICROBUS II und OPUS zu integrieren. Verhandlungen mit den Berliner Verkehrsbetrieben über eine Projektbeteiligung und Integration unserer Software in BERTA sind zur Zeit im Gang. Wir beschreiben die Methodik des Ansatzes, diskutieren Aspekte seiner praktischen Verwendung, und wir berichten über den Stand der Entwicklung.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: text/plain
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 6
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    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: This article investigates a certain class of combinatorial packing problems and some polyhedral relations between such problems and the set packing problem.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/postscript
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: We propose an efficient column generation method to minimize the probability of delay propagations along aircraft rotations. In this way, delay resistant schedules can be constructed. Computational results for large-scale real-world problems demonstrate substantial punctuality improvements. The method can be generalized to crew and integrated scheduling problems.
    Keywords: ddc:510
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: We propose a novel integer programming approach to transfer minimization for line planning problems in public transit. The idea is to incorporate penalties for transfers that are induced by “connection capacities” into the construction of the passenger paths. We show that such penalties can be dealt with by a combination of shortest and constrained shortest path algorithms such that the pricing problem for passenger paths can be solved efficiently. Connection capacity penalties (under)estimate the true transfer times. This error is, however, not a problem in practice. We show in a computational comparison with two standard models on a real-world scenario that our approach can be used to minimize passenger travel and transfer times for large-scale line planning problems with accurate results.
    Keywords: ddc:510
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2020-12-15
    Description: This paper introduces the "line connectivity problem", a generalization of the Steiner tree problem and a special case of the line planning problem. We study its complexity and give an IP formulation in terms of an exponential number of constraints associated with "line cut constraints". These inequalities can be separated in polynomial time. We also generalize the Steiner partition inequalities.
    Keywords: ddc:510
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: We consider an auction of slots to run trains through a railway network. In contrast to the classical setting for combinatorial auctions, there is not only competition for slots, but slots can mutually exclude each other, such that general conflict constraints on bids arise. This turns the winner determination problem associated with such an auction into a complex combinatorial optimization problem. It also raises a number of auction design questions, in particular, on incentive compatibilty. We propose a single-shot second price auction for railway slots, the Vickrey Track Auction (VTA). We show that this auction is incentive compatible, i.e., rational bidders are always motivated to bid their true valuation, and that it produces efficient allocations, even in the presence of constraints on allocations. These properties are, however, lost when rules on the submission of bids such as, e.g., lowest bids, are imposed. Our results carry over to generalized" Vickrey auctions with combinatorial constraints.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
    Format: application/postscript
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