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  • 2020-2023  (2)
  • German  (2)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2021-09-30
    Description: In dieser Arbeit wird ein graphenbasiertes Modell zur Einbindung von Preissystemen des öffentlichen Nahverkehrs in Routing-Algorithmen vorgestellt. Jeder Knoten des Graphen repräsentiert einen abstrakten Preiszustand einer Route und ist an einen tatsächlichen Preis gekoppelt. Damit sind sehr einfache und konzise Beschreibungen von Tarifstrukturen möglich, diesich algorithmisch behandeln lassen. Durch das zeitgleiche Tracken eines Pfades im Routinggraphen im Ticketgraphen kann schon während einer Routenberechnung der Preis bestimmt werden. Dies ermöglicht die Berechnung von preisoptimalen Routen. An den Tarifsystemen der Verkehrsverbünde MDV (Mitteldeutscher Verkehrsverbund) und VBB (Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg) wird die Konstruktion des Modells detailliert erläutert.
    Language: German
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2022-12-02
    Description: We consider the line planning problem in public transport in the Parametric City, an idealized model that captures typical scenarios by a (small) number of parameters. The Parametric City is rotation symmetric, but optimal line plans are not always symmetric. This raises the question to quantify the symmetry gap between the best symmetric and the overall best solution. For our analysis, we formulate the line planning problem as a mixed integer linear program, that can be solved in polynomial time if the solutions are forced to be symmetric. We prove that the symmetry gap is small when a specific Parametric City parameter is fixed, and we give an approximation algorithm for line planning in the Parametric City in this case. While the symmetry gap can be arbitrarily large in general, we show that symmetric line plans are a good choice in most practical situations.
    Language: German
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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