Vehicle rotation planning is a fundamental problem in
rail transport. It decides how the railcars, locomotives, and
carriages are operated in order to implement the trips of the
timetable. One important planning requirement is operational
regularity, i.e., using the rolling stock in the same way on every
day of operation. We propose to take regularity into account by
modeling the vehicle rotation planning problem as a minimum cost
hyperassignment problem (HAP). Hyperassignments are generalizations
of assignments from directed graphs to directed hypergraphs.
Finding a minimum cost hyperassignment is
Most instances arising from regular vehicle rotation planning, however, can
be solved well in practice. We show that, in particular, clique
inequalities strengthen the canonical LP relaxation substantially.