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  • 2020-2023  (29)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2021-10-19
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2022-02-01
    Description: In this paper, we introduce the Targeted Multiobjective Dijkstra Algorithm (T-MDA), a label setting algorithm for the One-to-One Multiobjective Shortest Path (MOSP) Problem. The T-MDA is based on the recently published Multiobjective Dijkstra Algorithm (MDA) and equips it with A*-like techniques. The resulting speedup is comparable to the speedup that the original A* algorithm achieves for Dijkstra's algorithm. Unlike other methods from the literature, which rely on special properties of the biobjective case, the T-MDA works for any dimension. To the best of our knowledge, it gives rise to the first efficient implementation that can deal with large scale instances with more than two objectives. A version tuned for the biobjective case, the T-BDA, outperforms state-of-the-art methods on almost every instance of a standard benchmark testbed that is not solvable in fractions of a second.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2021-02-22
    Description: For providing railway services the company’s railway rolling stock is one if not the most important ingredient. It decides about the number of passenger or cargo trips the company can offer, about the quality a passenger experiences the train ride and it is often related to the image of the company itself. Thus, it is highly desired to have the available rolling stock in the best shape possible. Moreover, in many countries, as Germany where our industrial partner DB Fernverkehr AG (DBF) is located, laws enforce regular vehicle inspections to ensure the safety of the passengers. This leads to rolling stock optimization problems with complex rules for vehicle maintenance. This problem is well studied in the literature for example see Maroti and Kroon 2005, or Cordeau et. al. 2001 for applications including vehicle maintenance. The contribution of this paper is a new algorithmic approach to solve the Rolling Stock Rotation Problem for the ICE high speed train fleet of DBF with included vehicle maintenance. It is based on a relaxation of a mixed integer linear programming model with an iterative cut generation to enforce the feasibility of a solution of the relaxation in the solution space of the original problem. The resulting mixed integer linear programming model is based on a hypergraph approach presented in Borndörfer et. al. 2015. The new approach is tested on real world instances modeling different scenarios for the ICE high speed train network in Germany and compared to the approaches of Reuther 2017 that are in operation at DB Fernverkehr AG. The approach shows a significant reduction of the run time to produce solutions with comparable or even better objective function values.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2021-09-30
    Description: In dieser Arbeit wird ein graphenbasiertes Modell zur Einbindung von Preissystemen des öffentlichen Nahverkehrs in Routing-Algorithmen vorgestellt. Jeder Knoten des Graphen repräsentiert einen abstrakten Preiszustand einer Route und ist an einen tatsächlichen Preis gekoppelt. Damit sind sehr einfache und konzise Beschreibungen von Tarifstrukturen möglich, diesich algorithmisch behandeln lassen. Durch das zeitgleiche Tracken eines Pfades im Routinggraphen im Ticketgraphen kann schon während einer Routenberechnung der Preis bestimmt werden. Dies ermöglicht die Berechnung von preisoptimalen Routen. An den Tarifsystemen der Verkehrsverbünde MDV (Mitteldeutscher Verkehrsverbund) und VBB (Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg) wird die Konstruktion des Modells detailliert erläutert.
    Language: German
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2021-01-28
    Description: We propose a hybrid discrete-continuous algorithm for flight planning in free flight airspaces. In a first step, our DisCOptER method discrete-continuous optimization for enhanced resolution) computes a globally optimal approximate flight path on a discretization of the problem using the A* method. This route initializes a Newton method that converges rapidly to the smooth optimum in a second step. The correctness, accuracy, and complexity of the method are goverened by the choice of the crossover point that determines the coarseness of the discretization. We analyze the optimal choice of the crossover point and demonstrate the asymtotic superority of DisCOptER over a purely discrete approach.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2021-09-30
    Description: Line planning in public transport involves determining vehicle routes and assigning frequencies of service such that travel demands are satisfied. We evaluate how line plans, which are optimal with respect to in-motion costs (IMC), the objective function depending purely on arc-lengths for both user and operator costs, performs with respect to the value of resources consumed (VRC). The latter is an elaborate, socio-economic cost function which includes discomfort caused by delay, boarding and alighting times, and transfers. Even though discomfort is a large contributing factor to VRC and is entirely disregarded in IMC, we observe that the two cost functions are qualitatively comparable.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2022-03-14
    Description: We present a new label-setting algorithm for the Multiobjective Shortest Path (MOSP) problem that computes a minimum complete set of efficient paths for a given instance. The size of the priority queue used in the algorithm is bounded by the number of nodes in the input graph and extracted labels are guaranteed to be efficient. These properties allow us to give a tight output-sensitive running time bound for the new algorithm that can almost be expressed in terms of the running time of Dijkstra’s algorithm for the Shortest Path problem. Hence, we suggest to call the algorithm Multiobjective Dijkstra Algorithm (MDA). The simplified label management in the MDA allows us to parallelize some subroutines. In our computational experiments, we compare the MDA and the classical label-setting MOSP algorithm by Martins, which we improved using new data structures and pruning techniques. On average, the MDA is 2 to 9 times faster on all used graph types. On some instances the speedup reaches an order of magnitude.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: This paper focuses on a special case of vehicle routing problem where perishable goods are considered. Deliveries have to be performed until a due date date, which may vary for different products. Storing products is prohibited. Since late deliveries have a direct impact on the revenues for these products, a precise demand prediction is important. In our practical case the product demands and vehicle driving times for the product delivery are dependent on weather conditions, i.e., temperatures, wind, and precipitation. In this paper the definition and a solution approach to the Vehicle Routing Problem with Perishable Goods is presented. The approach includes a procedure how historical weather data is used to predict demands and driving times. Its run time and solution quality is evaluated on different data sets given by the MOPTA Competition 2018.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2022-03-14
    Description: Deutsche Bahn (DB) operates a large fleet of rolling stock (locomotives, wagons, and train sets) that must be combined into trains to perform rolling stock rotations. This train composition is a special characteristic of railway operations that distinguishes rolling stock rotation planning from the vehicle scheduling problems prevalent in other industries. DB models train compositions using hyperarcs. The resulting hypergraph models are ad-dressed using a novel coarse-to-fine method that implements a hierarchical column genera-tion over three levels of detail. This algorithm is the mathematical core of DB’s fleet em-ployment optimization (FEO) system for rolling stock rotation planning. FEO’s impact within DB’s planning departments has been revolutionary. DB has used it to support the company’s procurements of its newest high-speed passenger train fleet and its intermodal cargo locomotive fleet for cross-border operations. FEO is the key to successful tendering in regional transport and to construction site management in daily operations. DB’s plan-ning departments appreciate FEO’s high-quality results, ability to reoptimize (quickly), and ease of use. Both employees and customers benefit from the increased regularity of operations. DB attributes annual savings of 74 million euro, an annual reduction of 34,000 tons of CO2 emissions, and the elimination of 600 coupling operations in cross-border operations to the implementation of FEO.
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2021-04-12
    Description: We propose in this paper the Dynamic Multiobjective Shortest Problem. It features multidimensional states that can depend on several variables and not only on time; this setting is motivated by flight planning and electric vehicle routing applications. We give an exact algorithm for the FIFO case and derive from it an FPTAS, which is computationally efficient. It also features the best known complexity in the static case.
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
    Format: application/pdf
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