This cumulative thesis collects the following six papers for obtaining the
habilitation at the Technische Universität Berlin, Fakultät II – Mathematik
(1) Set packing relaxations of some integer programs.
(2) Combinatorial packing problems.
(3) Decomposing matrices into blocks.
(4) A bundle method for integrated multi-depot vehicle and duty scheduling
in public transit.
(5) Models for railway track allocation.
(6) A column-generation approach to line planning in public transport.
Some changes were made to the papers compared to the published versions.
These pertain to layout unifications, i.e., common numbering, figure, table,
and chapter head layout. There were no changes with respect to notation or
symbols, but some typos have been eliminated, references updated, and some
links and an index was added. The mathematical content is identical.
The papers are about the optimization of public transportation systems,
bus networks, railways, and airlines, and its mathematical foundations,
the theory of packing problems. The papers discuss mathematical models,
theoretical analyses, algorithmic approaches, and computational aspects of
and to problems in this area.
Papers 1, 2, and 3 are theoretical. They aim at establishing a theory of
packing problems as a general framework that can be used to study traffic
optimization problems. Indeed, traffic optimization problems can often be
modelled as path packing, partitioning, or covering problems, which lead
directly to set packing, partitioning, and covering models. Such models are
used in papers 4, 5, and 6 to study a variety of problems concerning the
of line systems, buses, trains, and crews. The common aim is always
to exploit as many degrees of freedom as possible, both at the level of the
individual problems by using large-scale integer programming techniques, as
well as on a higher level by integrating hitherto separate steps in the