Thromboxane A2 (TXA2)
Bovine coronary artery
Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The action of the non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs indomethacin, tiaprofenic acid, diclofenac and meclofenamate on vascular and plateletcyclooxygenases was studied by measuring the arachidonic acid-induced thromboxane A2 (TXA2)-formation of washed human platelets and prostacyclin (PGI2)-formation of bovine coronary artery rings. TXA2 was bioassayed as RCS on rabbit aorta strips, PGI2 in terms of its antiaggregatory activity on ADP-induced aggregation of human platelet-rich plasma. All of the substances studied produced concentration-dependent inhibition of PGI2- and RCS-release. The IC50 [μM] in inhibition of RCS-formation was 0.019 for indomethacin, 0.070 for tiaprofenic acid but 44.9 for meclofenamate and 63.2 for diclofenac. The IC50 [μM] in inhibition of PGI2-release was 0.42 for diclofenac, 0.63 for indomethacin and 0.99 for tiaprofenic acid. The data suggest (1) high sensitivity of human platelet-cyclooxygenase against indomethacin and tiaprofenic acid, (2) different sequence of the substances studied in inhibiting arachidonic acid-induced TXA2- and PGI2-formation. The possible therapeutic value of selective inhibition of platelets and vascular cyclooxygenases in discussed.
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