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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1246
    Keywords: Acrylonitrile ; Adducts ; Biological monitoring ; Gas chromatography ; Hemoglobin
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A new, simple and fast procedure of measuring acrylonitrile (ACN) in ACN derived mercapturic acids such as S-(2-cyanoethyl)-L-cysteine(CyEC), and in hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma protein adducts and urinary metabolites in rats and humans exposed to ACN was developed. ACN in mercapturic acids or proteins was analyzed by capillary gas chromatography (GC) by liberating ACN at a high-temperature in the injector port of GC with or without oxidizing sulfur atoms of the ACN-bound cysteines into sulfoxide form by hydrogen peroxide in vitro. At 350 °C, more than 90% of ACN in authentic CyEC was recovered by this method. Increasing a single ip dose of ACN from 5 to 50 mg/kg produced proportional increases in ACN bound to Hb 24 hr after the treatment. The alkylation of plasma protein with ACN was about 1/10 as low as that of Hb. After repeated daily ip doses of 1–10 mg/kg, ACN in Hb decreased with a half-life of about 9 days. ACN was also detected in the blood of workers exposed to ACN for 1 to 10 years at a Siberian synthetic rubber factory.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of High Resolution Chromatography 2 (1979), S. 400-404 
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography ; Capillary, glass ; Low temperature plasma etching ; Polymer film on the inner surface from organosilicone monomer ; Flexibility of this new method discussed ; Discharge chamber described ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A novel method is described for the preparation of stable glass capillary columns (glass open tubular columns), including the etching and formation of a polymer film on the inner glass capillary surfaces. The approach used here is based on low-temperature plasma etching and polymerization. Under the influence of a field of radio frequency discharge, low pressure gases of fluoric compounds, introduced into the glass capillary tube, generate excited fluorine radicals which etch the inner surface. The plasma of organosilicone monomer in the glass capillary yields a uniform polymerized film on the inner surface. The resultant material functions as a good stationary phase for glass capillary gas chromatography (GC2). The inner surfaces treated with such a plasma, can be studied by means of a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The flexibility of this method permits the use of various stationary phases and surface modification.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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