Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells induced by anti-IgE was essentially complete within 4–5 min. Xestobergsterol A and B, which are constituents of the Okinawan marine spongeXestospongia bergquistia Fromont, dose-dependently inhibited anti-IgE-induced histamine release from rat mast cells. The IC50 values of xestobergsterol A and B for histamine release in mast cells activated by anti-IgE were 0.07 and 0.11 μM, respectively. Anti-IgE stimulated PI-PLC activity in a mast cell membrane preparation. Xestobergsterol A dose-dependently inhibited the generation of IP3 and membrane-bound PI-PLC activity. Moreover, xestobergsterol A inhibited Ca2+-mobilization from intracellular Ca2+-stores as well as histamine release in mast cells activated by anti-IgE. On the other hand, xestobergsterol B did not inhibit the membrane-bound and cytosolic PI-PLC activity, IP3 generation or the initial rise in [Ca2+]i in mast cells activated by anti-IgE. These results suggest that the mechanism of inhibition by xestobergsterol A of the initial rise in [Ca2+]i, of the generation of IP3, and of histamine release induced by anti-IgE, was through the inhibition of PI-PLC activity.
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