Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The kinetics of a single oral dose of mefloquine given either alone or with ampicillin has been studied in 8 healthy Thai male volunteers. There was a significantly higher maximum whole blood mefloquine concentration after coadministration with ampicillin (1648 vs 1228 ng·ml−1), as well as a significantly reduced terminal half life (15.3 vs 17.7 days), mean residence time (20.1 vs 23.4 days) and volume of distribution at steady state (14.1 vs 19.4 l·kg−1). Although there was no significant change in the AUC from zero time to infinity, the AUC from zero time to 5 days was significantly increased by ampicillin (4.86 vs 3.27 μg·ml−1 day). These changes in mefloquine disposition after antibiotic treatment may be due both to an increase in fractional bioavailability and a reduction in the enterohepatic recycling of mefloquine.
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