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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Terra nova 6 (1994), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-3121
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Three Palaeozoic sequences belonging to three different basins crop out in the Calabrian–Peloritan Arc. Their age covers the time span from middle (?) Cambrian to early Carboniferous. The sequences comprise terrigenous, volcanic and carbonate rocks, and show low-grade metamorphism. The basement is of pre-middle Cambrian age, crops out in the Calabrian–Peloritan Arc, and was metamorphosed prior to the opening to the Palaeozoic basins.The Palaeozoic basins existed no later than the middle Carboniferous, with inferred maximum crustal extension in the Cambro-Ordovician. By Devonian time, the tectonic regime was compressional overall with middle Devonian island-arc type volcanic activity that continued until the closure of the basins. Approximately 330 Myr, the Palaeozoic sequences experienced low-pressure greenschist facies metamorphism and continuing subduction controlled the Variscan tectonogenesis with 280 Myr island-arc type intrusive magmas. Subduction ceased and late-stage 280–270 Myr granitic magmas were emplaced during continental collision.The crustal sector carrying the Palaeozoic basins is interpreted as comprising fragments of an active continental margin, one of the several microplates, located at the southern margin of the Euro-Asia continent which faced a large (at least 1500 km in width) ocean basin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Mineralogy and petrology 46 (1992), S. 229-238 
    ISSN: 1438-1168
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung In herzynischen gabbroiden Gesteinen des Sila Massives in Kalabrien treten Korona-texturen zwischen Olivin und Plagioklas oder Orthopyroxen und Plagioklas auf. Diese wurden mittels optischer Methoden und SEM in Verbindung mit EDS und WDS Analytik untersucht. Textureile Kriterien belegen die Existenz zweier verschiedenartiger Koronatypen die während deospätmagmatischen Stadiums oderwährend der Abkühlung lung im Subsolidus Bereich gebildet wurden. Die magmatischen Koronatexturen sind durch eine innere Othopyrozenschicht und eine äußere orange-braune Ampkibolschicht gekennzeichnet, die in optischer Kontinuatät Orthopyroxen bzw. Amphibihol-poikilitn steht. Subsolidus-Koronas bestehen aus einer inneren Lage eines farblosen Amphiboles und einer äußeren Schicht von Amphibol ± Spinell. Bisweilen umgeben sie ringförmig in Olivin eingeschlossenen Plagioklos. Die Amphibolzusammensetzung in diesen Koronas variiert stark von Ti-führendem Pargasit bis Mg-Hornblende. Die Streubreite dumTi-Gehaltes der Amphibole wird durch unterschiedliche Kristallisations-bedingungen während des spätmagmatischen bis Subsolidusstadiums (880°C bis 550°C) interpretiert. Die signifikante (Gahnitkomponente des Spinells weist auf Subsolidusreaktionen in einem offenen System hin. Der Bildungsdruck, ablegeit aus der Mineral-vergesellschaftung der metamorphen Basementgetsteine und der benachbarten Diorite, wird mit 4kb abgeschätzt.
    Notes: Summary Corona textures between olivine and plagioclase or orthopyroxene and plagioclase are present in Hercynian gabbroic rocks from the Calabrian Sila Massif. They have been studied through optical and SEM investigations together with EDS and WDS analyses. Textural features indicate the existence of two extreme corona types formed during late magmatic stages or during subsolidus cooling. Magmatic coronas are characterized by an inner orthopyroxene layer and an outer orange-brown amphibole layer that might be in optical continuity with orthopyroxene and amphibole poikilites respectively. Subsolidus coronas consist of an inner layer of colourless amphibole and an outer layer of amphibole ± spinel. They sometimes form a collar also around plagioclase enclosed in olivine. A large spectrum in the composition of corona amphiboles from Ti-bearing pargasite to Mg-hornblende was observed. The variation in Ti content of amphibole was interpreted as a consequence of the different conditions of crystallization from late magmatic to subsolidus with temperatures ranging from 880°C to 580°C. The significant gahnite component in spinel possibly indicates that subsolidus reactions occurred in an open system. The pressure of formation constrained by the mineral assemblage of metamorphic basement rocks and by the neighbouring diorites has been estimated at 4 kbar.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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