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  • 1995-1999  (666,058)
Years
Year
Language
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Physics Letters B 294 (1992), S. 466-478 
    ISSN: 0370-2693
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Physics Letters B 317 (1993), S. 474-484 
    ISSN: 0370-2693
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Book
    Book
    Wien [u.a.] :Springer, ; 1.1977 - 16.2003; damit Ersch. eingest.
    Title: Computing : archives for informatics and numerical computation; Supplementum
    Publisher: Wien [u.a.] :Springer,
    Year of publication: 1977-2003
    Dates of Publication: 1.1977 - 16.2003; damit Ersch. eingest.
    Type of Medium: Book
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin ; Heidelberg :Springer, ; 1.1995(1996) - 8.2002
    Title: Journal of molecular modeling
    Publisher: Berlin ; Heidelberg :Springer,
    Year of publication: 1996-2002
    Dates of Publication: 1.1995(1996) - 8.2002
    ISSN: 0949-183X
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Language: Undetermined
    Subsequent Title: Forts. ---〉:Journal of molecular modeling
    Note: Kumuliert jeweils den abgeschlossenen Jg. der Internetausg.
    Parallel Title: Druckausg. ---〉:Molecular modeling annual
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  • 5
    Title: Intelligence : new visions of AI in practice ; quarterly publication of the ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery
    Contributer: Association for Computing Machinery
    Publisher: New York, NY :ACM,
    Year of publication: 1999-2001
    Dates of Publication: 10.1999 - 12.2001; damit Ersch. eingest.
    ISSN: 1523-8822
    Type of Medium: Journal/Serial
    Language: Undetermined
    Former Title: Vorg. ---〉:Association for Computing Machinery / Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence: SIGART bulletin
    Parallel Title: Internetausg. ---〉:Intelligence
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  • 6
    Journal/Serial
    Journal/Serial
    New York, NY :ACM, ; 1.1969 - 7.1975/76; N.S. 1.1976 - 21.2001,1; damit Ersch. eingest.
    Title: SIGBIO newsletter /
    Author: Association for Computing Machinery / Special Interest Group on Biomedical Computing
    Publisher: New York, NY :ACM,
    Year of publication: 1969-2001
    Dates of Publication: 1.1969 - 7.1975/76; N.S. 1.1976 - 21.2001,1; damit Ersch. eingest.
    ISSN: 0163-5697
    Type of Medium: Journal/Serial
    Language: Undetermined
    Parallel Title: Internetausg. ---〉:Biomedical computing
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  • 7
    Journal/Serial
    Journal/Serial
    Los Alamitos, Calif. :Soc., ; 5.1997 - 8.2000; damit Ersch. eingest.
    Title: IEEE concurrency /
    Author: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers / Computer Group
    Publisher: Los Alamitos, Calif. :Soc.,
    Year of publication: 1997-2000
    Dates of Publication: 5.1997 - 8.2000; damit Ersch. eingest.
    ISSN: 1092-3063
    Type of Medium: Journal/Serial
    Language: Undetermined
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  • 8
    Journal/Serial
    Journal/Serial
    New York, NY :North-Holland, ; 1.1984 - 46.2000
    Title: ¬The¬ journal of logic programming
    Publisher: New York, NY :North-Holland,
    Year of publication: 1984-2000
    Dates of Publication: 1.1984 - 46.2000
    ISSN: 0743-1066
    Type of Medium: Journal/Serial
    Language: Undetermined
    Subsequent Title: Forts. ---〉:¬The¬ journal of logic and algebraic programming
    Parallel Title: Internetausg. ---〉:¬The¬ journal of logic and algebraic programming
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2020-03-11
    Description: Im Kooperativen Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (KOBV) wird die verteilte Suche in heterogenen Datenbank mit einer integrierten Dublettenerkennung und -zusammenfuehrung realisiert. Beschrieben werden die einzelnen attributspezifischen Normierungsschritte, die dem eigentlichen Vergleich (MATCH) zweier Datensätze vorangehen.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: In molecular dynamics applications there is a growing interest in mixed quantum-classical models. The {\em quantum-classical Liouville equation} (QCL) describes most atoms of the molecular system under consideration by means of classical phase space density but an important, small portion of the system by means of quantum mechanics. The QCL is derived from the full quantum dynamical (QD) description by applying the Wigner transform to the classical part'' of the system only. We discuss the conditions under which the QCL model approximates the full QD evolution of the system. First, analysis of the asymptotic properties of the Wigner transform shows that solving the QCL yields a first order approximation of full quantum dynamics. Second, we discuss the adiabatic limit of the QCL. This discussion shows that the QCL solutions may be interpretated as classical phase space densities, at least near the adiabatic limit. Third, it is demonstrated that the QCL yields good approximations of {\em non-adiabatic quantum effects,} especially near so-called {\em avoided crossings} where most quantum-classical models fail.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: Dieser Artikel gibt eine allgemeinverständliche Einführung in die spezielle Problematik kombinatorischer Online-Problem am Beispiel der Fahrstuhlsteuerung.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: Wir geben eine Einführung in die Mathematik von und mit Wegen. Nicht auf dem kürzesten, aber auf einem hoffentlich kurzweiligen Weg!
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2021-02-01
    Description: Mean-variance portfolio analysis provided the first quantitative treatment of the tradeoff between profit and risk. We investigate in detail the interplay between objective and constraints in a number of single-period variants, including semi-variance models. Particular emphasis is laid on avoiding the penalization of overperformance. The results are then used as building blocks in the development and theoretical analysis of multi-period models based on scenario trees. A key property is the possibility to remove surplus money in future decisions, yielding approximate downside risk minimization.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: The paper compares computational aspects of four approaches to compute conservation laws of single differential equations or systems of them, ODEs and PDEs. The only restriction, required by two of the four corresponding computer algebra programs, is that each DE has to be solvable for a leading derivative. Extra constraints may be given. Examples of new conservation laws include non-polynomial expressions, an explicit variable dependence and conservation laws involving arbitrary functions. Examples involve the following equations: Ito, Liouville, Burgers, Kadomtsev-Petviashvili, Karney-Sen-Chu-Verheest, Boussinesq, Tzetzeica, Benney.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: Recently, a novel concept for the computation of essential features of the dynamics of Hamiltonian systems (such as molecular dynamics) has been proposed. The realization of this concept had been based on subdivision techniques applied to the Frobenius--Perron operator for the dynamical system. The present paper suggests an alternative but related concept that merges the conceptual advantages of the dynamical systems approach with the appropriate statistical physics framework. This approach allows to define the phrase ``conformation'' in terms of the dynamical behavior of the molecular system and to characterize the dynamical stability of conformations. In a first step, the frequency of conformational changes is characterized in statistical terms leading to the definition of some Markov operator $T$ that describes the corresponding transition probabilities within the canonical ensemble. In a second step, a discretization of $T$ via specific hybrid Monte Carlo techniques is shown to lead to a stochastic matrix $P$. With these theoretical preparations, an identification algorithm for conformations is applicable. It is demonstrated that the discretization of $T$ can be restricted to few essential degrees of freedom so that the combinatorial explosion of discretization boxes is prevented and biomolecular systems can be attacked. Numerical results for the n-pentane molecule and the triribonucleotide adenylyl\emph{(3'-5')}cytidylyl\emph{(3'-5')}cytidin are given and interpreted.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2021-03-16
    Description: In KOBV we offer the user an efficient tool for searching regional and worldwide accessible library catalogues (KOBV search engine). Search is performed by a distributed Z39.50 retrieval and an index based quicksearch. Due to the number of catalogues, result sets may contain a significant amount of duplicate records. Therefore we integrate a de-duplication procedure into KOBV search engine. It is part of the distributed search and the KOBV quicksearch as well. Main goals are the presentation of uniform retrieval results, the preservation of retrieval quality and cutting off redundant information. At least we keep an eye on efficiency. De-duplication is fully parametrizable, so that settings can be changed easily on line.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: A cascadic multigrid (CMG) method for elliptic problems with strong material jumps is proposed and analyzed. Non--matching grids at interfaces between subdomains are allowed and treated by mortar elements. The arising saddle point problems are solved by a subspace confined conjugate gradient method as smoother for the CMG. Details of algorithmic realization including adaptivity are elaborated. Numerical results illustrate the efficiency of this CMG algorithm.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: In a large distribution center of Herlitz AG, Berlin, we invesigated the elevator subsystem of the fully automated pallet transportation system. Each elevator may carry one pallet and has to serve eight levels. The goal is to minimize the average resp.\ the maximum flow time. The variants of this elevator control problem have been subject of recent theoretical research and are known as online-dial-a-ride problems. In this paper we investigate several online algorithms for several versions of online-dial-a-ride problems by means of a simulation program, developed on the basis of the simulation library AMSEL. We draw statistics from samples of randomly generated data providing for different load situations. Moreover, we provide preliminary studies with real production data for a system of five elevators connected by a conveyor circuit, as can be found at the Herlitz plant. We show which algorithms are best under certain load situations and which lead to break downs under particular circumstances.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: We present an algebraic multigrid preconditioner which uses only the graphs of system matrices. Some elementary coarsening rules are stated, from which an advancing front algorithm for the selection of coarse grid nodes is derived. This technique can be applied to linear Lagrange-type finite element discretizations; for higher-order elements an extension of the multigrid algorithm is provided. Both two- and three-dimensional second order elliptic problems can be handled. Numerical experiments show that the resulting convergence acceleration is comparable to classical geometric multigrid.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: \\{\bf Zusammenfassung: }Diese Diplomarbeit beschreibt ein verteiltes Bibliotheks-Informationssystem für bibliographische Datenbanken im Internet. Der Name des Systems ist ZACK. Der Benutzer kann mit ZACK in einer oder mehreren bibliographischen Datenbanken nach einem Dokument suchen und die Treffer in die eigene lokale Datenbank übernehmen. Mit der Übernahme der Datensätze aus einer fremden Datenbank wird die Erfassung neuer Dokumente wesentlich erleichtert, da die Eigenkatalogisierung auf ein Minimum beschränkt werden kann. Es wird doppelte Arbeit vermieden, und die Datensätze haben eine gleichbleibend hohe Qualität. Bei der verteilten Suche mit ZACK wird parallel in mehreren Datenbanken gesucht. Dubletten werden als solche erkannt. Dem Benutzer wird eine übersichtliche Kurztrefferliste ohne doppelte Einträge angeboten. Er kann dann selbst entscheiden, aus welcher Datenbank er die Datensätze übernimmt. Die verteilte Suche hat in der Praxis eine deutlich bessere Trefferquote gebracht als die Suche in nur einer Datenbank. Dabei bleibt die Antwortzeit in einem für den Benutzer akzeptablen Rahmen. Die Kurztrefferliste wird durch die Dublettenkontrolle kürzer und übersichtlicher. English Title: A Distributed Library Information System on the Basis of the Z39.50 Protocol This diploma thesis desribes a distributed library information system for bibliographic databases in the Internet. The name of the system is ZACK. With ZACK the user is able to search for a particular document in several databases and to include the matches in his/her own local database. The inclusion of data records from an external database makes the capture of new documents much easier, as internal cataloging is reduced to a minimum. Double work is eliminated and a continuously high quality of data record is ensured. The distributed search by means of ZACK is carried out in several databases in parallel. Duplicates are recognized; and a short list of matches without double entries is offered. The user can then decide for himself from which database to include data records. In practice, a distributed search has produced far better results than the search in one particular database. Response times are within an acceptable limit for the user. The short list of hits is made clearer and more concise by the duplicate check. The diploma thesis is also available in PDF, HTML, and ASCII format: http://wolfram.schneider.org/lv/diplom/ .
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 21
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    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: Flavone and the flavylium ion have been studied at Hartree-Fock, M{\o}ller-Plesset and B3LYP hybrid density functional level to determine the structures and barriers to internal rotation. Both molecules have a high perpendicular barrier about the single bond connecting the phenyl ring with the benzopyrone and benzopyrylium ring, respectively. In contrast to biphenyl both molecules have low coplanar barriers. B3LYP overestimates the perpendicular barrier heights compared to other methods. The dependence of the population and orbital energies on the torsion has been investigated and the structures of both flavonoids have been estimated by means of a reaction field model.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2020-03-09
    Description: Das Math-Net ist ein verteiltes Informationssystem f"ur die Mathematik. Es basiert auf den lokalen Informationsangeboten der Fachbereiche, die im Math-Net integriert, nutzerfreundlich aufbereitet und zug"anglich gemacht werden sollen. Das Math-Net ist durch die freiwillige Mitarbeit weiterer Institutionen in Deutschland zu einem flächendeckenden Dienst ausgebaut worden. Die am Projekt beteiligten Institutionen haben die mathematischen Institutionen in ihrer Region beim Aufbau eines qualitativ hochwertigen lokalen Informationsangebotes unterstützt und die Integration der lokalen Informationsangebote in das Math-Net koordiniert.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: The function of many important biomolecules is related to their dynamic properties and their ability to switch between different {\em conformations}, which are understood as {\em almost invariant} or {\em metastable} subsets of the positional state space of the system. Recently, the present authors and their coworkers presented a novel algorithmic scheme for the direct numerical determination of such metastable subsets and the transition probability between them. Although being different in most aspects, this method exploits the same basic idea as {\sc Dellnitz} and {\sc Junge} in their approach to almost invariance in discrete dynamical systems: the almost invariant sets are computed via certain eigenvectors of the Markov operators associated with the dynamical behavior. In the present article we analyze the application of this approach to (high--friction) Langevin models describing the dynamical behavior of molecular systems coupled to a heat bath. We will see that this can be related to theoretical results for (symmetric) semigroups of Markov operators going back to {\sc Davies}. We concentrate on a comparison of our approach in respect to random perturbations of dynamical systems.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2014-02-27
    Description: An introductory chapter on Groebner bases is given which also includes new results on the detection of Groebner bases for sparse polynomial systems. Algorithms for the computation of invariants and equivariants for finite groups, compact Lie groups and algebraic groups are presented and efficient implementation and time comparision are discussed. This chapter also inlcudes improvements of the computation of Noether normalisation and Stanley decomposition. These results are applied in symmetric bifurcation theory and equivariant dynamics. As preparation of the investigation of the orbit space reduction three methods are compared for solving symmetric polynomial systems exactly. The method of orbit space reduction is improved by using the Cohen-Macaulayness of the invariant ring and nested Noether normalization. Finally this is applied for a case of mode interaction in the Taylor-Couette problem.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: doctoralthesis , doc-type:doctoralThesis
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: A class of sparse polynomial systems is investigated which is defined by a weighted directed graph and a weighted bipartite graph. They arise in the model of mass action kinetics for chemical reaction systems. In this application the number of real positive solutions within a certain affine subspace is of particular interest. We show that the simplest cases are equivalent to binomial systems while in general the solution structure is highly determined by the properties of the two graphs. First we recall results by Feinberg and give rigorous proofs. Secondly, we explain how the graphs determine the Newton polytopes of the system of sparse polynomials and thus determine the solution structure. The results on positive solutions from real algebraic geometry are applied to this particular situation. Examples illustrate the theoretical results.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: We study the improvement of simulations of QCD with dynamical Wilson fermions by combining the Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm with parallel tempering. As an indicator for decorrelation we use the topological charge.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2020-03-09
    Description: We describe a novel method for continuously transforming two triangulated models of arbitrary topology into each other. Equal global topology for both objects is assumed, extensions for genus changes during metamorphosis are provided. The proposed method addresses the major challenge in 3D metamorphosis, namely specifying the morphing process intuitively, with minimal user interaction and sufficient detail. Corresponding regions and point features are interactively identified. These regions are parametrized automatically and consistently, providing a basis for smooth interpolation. Utilizing suitable 3D interaction techniques a simple and intuitive control over the whole morphing process is offered.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: Our focus is on Maxwell's equations in the low frequency range; two specific applications we aim at are time-stepping schemes for eddy current computations and the stationary double-curl equation for time-harmonic fields. We assume that the computational domain is discretized by triangles or tetrahedrons; for the finite element approximation we choose N\'{e}d\'{e}lec's $H(curl)$-conforming edge elements of the lowest order. For the solution of the arising linear equation systems we devise an algebraic multigrid preconditioner based on a spatial component splitting of the field. Mesh coarsening takes place in an auxiliary subspace, which is constructed with the aid of a nodal vector basis. Within this subspace coarse grids are created by exploiting the matrix graphs. Additionally, we have to cope with the kernel of the $curl$-operator, which comprises a considerable part of the spectral modes on the grid. Fortunately, the kernel modes are accessible via a discrete Helmholtz decomposition of the fields; they are smoothed by additional algebraic multigrid cycles. Numerical experiments are included in order to assess the efficacy of the proposed algorithms.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2020-03-09
    Description: Large scale simulations running in metacomputing environments face the problem of efficient file I/O. For efficiency it is desirable to write data locally, distributed across the computing environment, and then to minimize data transfer, i.e.\ reduce remote file access. Both aspects require I/O approaches which differ from existing paradigms. For the data output of distributed simulations, one wants to use fast local parallel I/O for all participating nodes, producing a single distributed logical file, while keeping changes to the simulation code as small as possible. For reading the data file as in postprocessing and file based visualization, one wants to have efficient partial access to remote and distributed files, using a global naming scheme and efficient data caching, and again keeping the changes to the postprocessing code small. However, all available software solutions require the entire data to be staged locally (involving possible data recombination and conversion), or suffer from the performance problems of remote or distributed file systems. In this paper we show how to interface the HDF5 I/O library via its flexible Virtual File Driver layer to the Globus Data Grid. We show, that combining these two toolkits in a suitable way provides us with a new I/O framework, which allows efficient, secure, distributed and parallel file I/O in a metacomputing environment.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 30
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    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: Although the m-ATSP (or multi traveling salesman problem) is well known for its importance in scheduling and vehicle routing, it has, to the best of our knowledge, never been studied polyhedraly, i.e., it has always been transformed to the standard ATSP. This transformation is valid only if the cost of an arc from node $i$ to node $j$ is the same for all machines. In many practical applications this is not the case, machines produce with different speeds and require different (usually sequence dependent) setup times. We present first results of a polyhedral analysis of the m-ATSP in full generality. For this we exploit the tight relation between the subproblem for one machine and the prize collecting traveling salesman problem. We show that, for $m\ge 3$ machines, all facets of the one machine subproblem also define facets of the m-ATSP polytope. In particular the inequalities corresponding to the subtour elimination constraints in the one machine subproblems are facet defining for m-ATSP for $m\ge 2$ and can be separated in polynomial time. Furthermore, they imply the subtour elimination constraints for the ATSP-problem obtained via the standard transformation for identical machines. In addition, we identify a new class of facet defining inequalities of the one machine subproblem, that are also facet defining for m-ATSP for $m\ge 2$. To illustrate the efficacy of the approach we present numerical results for a scheduling problem with non-identical machines, arising in the production of gift wrap at Herlitz PBS AG.
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  • 31
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    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: Due to its many applications in control theory, robust optimization, combinatorial optimization and eigenvalue optimization, semidefinite programming had been in wide spread use even before the development of efficient algorithms brought it into the realm of tractability. Today it is one of the basic modeling and optimization tools along with linear and quadratic programming. Our survey is an introduction to semidefinite programming, its duality and complexity theory, its applications and algorithms.
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: Im Herbst 1999 ging der Kooperative Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (KOBV) in Routinebetrieb. In technischer Hinsicht setzt der KOBV auf ein neuartiges, zukunftsweisendes Verbundkonzept, in dem die zentrale Datenbank mit dem Verbundkatalog ersetzt wird durch verteilte Datenbanken und lokale Kataloge, die durch das Netz (Internet) miteinander verbunden sind. Die zentrale Recherchefunktion wird ersetzt durch die KOBV-Suchmaschine. Beschrieben werden die Hintergründe, die zu diesem Konzept geführt haben, die Kriterien, die die Architekturentscheidungen der Software bestimmt haben, sowie die einzelnen realisierten Komponenten.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2021-02-01
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2021-03-16
    Language: English
    Type: other , doc-type:Other
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  • 35
    Publication Date: 2020-03-06
    Language: English
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2020-03-06
    Language: English
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2020-05-06
    Language: English
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2020-08-20
    Language: English
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2021-01-21
    Language: English
    Type: proceedings , doc-type:Other
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2020-11-16
    Language: English
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2020-12-14
    Language: English
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2016-06-09
    Language: English
    Type: report , doc-type:report
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2021-01-21
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2020-10-02
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2021-03-16
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2021-03-16
    Language: English
    Type: other , doc-type:Other
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2021-03-16
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2021-01-21
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  • 49
    Publication Date: 2020-04-30
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2020-05-06
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
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  • 53
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 55
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2021-03-19
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 59
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    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
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  • 60
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    Publication Date: 2020-10-02
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  • 61
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 62
    Publication Date: 2020-09-24
    Language: English
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  • 63
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Language: English
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  • 64
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 65
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Language: English
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  • 66
    Publication Date: 2021-03-16
    Language: English
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  • 67
    Publication Date: 2021-02-01
    Language: English
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  • 68
    Publication Date: 2014-11-10
    Description: Given an affine surjection of polytopes $\pi: P \to Q$, the Generalized Baues Problem asks whether the poset of all proper polyhedral subdivisions of $Q$ which are induced by the map $\pi$ has the homotopy type of a sphere. We extend earlier work of the last two authors on subdivisions of cyclic polytopes to give an affirmative answer to the problem for the natural surjections between cyclic polytopes $\pi: C(n,d') \to C(n,d)$ for all $1 \leq d 〈 d' 〈 n$.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 69
    Publication Date: 2014-11-10
    Description: In 1994, Sturmfels gave a polyhedral version of the Cayley Trick of elimination theory: he established an order-preserving bijection between the posets of \emph{coherent} mixed subdivisions of a Minkowski sum $\mathcal{A}_1+\cdots+\mathcal{A}_r$ of point configurations and of \emph{coherent} polyhedral subdivisions of the associated Cayley embedding $\mathcal{C}(\mathcal{A}_1,\dots,\mathcal{A}_r)$. In this paper we extend this correspondence in a natural way to cover also \emph{non-coherent} subdivisions. As an application, we show that the Cayley Trick combined with results of Santos on subdivisions of Lawrence polytopes provides a new independent proof of the Bohne-Dress Theorem on zonotopal tilings. This application uses a combinatorial characterization of lifting subdivisions, also originally proved by Santos.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 70
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: It is well known that the following class of systems of evolution equations \begin{eqnarray} \label{nsgen} \cases{ u_{t}=u_{xx}+F(u,v,u_x,v_x),\cr v_{t}=-v_{xx}+G(u,v,u_x,v_x),\cr} \end{eqnarray} is very rich in integrable cases. The complete classification problem is very difficult. Here we consider only the most interesting (from our opinion) subclass of systems (1). Namely, we consider equations linear in all derivatives of the form \begin{eqnarray} \label{kvazgen} \cases{ u_t = u_{xx} + A_{1}(u,v) u_x + A_{2}(u,v) v_x + A_{0}(u,v)\cr v_t = - v_{xx} + B_{1}(u,v) v_x + B_{2}(u,v) u_x + B_{0}(u,v). \cr} \end{eqnarray} without any restrictions on the functions $A_{i}(u,v), B_{i}(u,v)$.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 71
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: In this paper we study algorithms for ``Dial-a-Ride'' transportation problems. In the basic version of the problem we are given transportation jobs between the vertices of a graph and the goal is to find a shortest transportation that serves all the jobs. This problem is known to be NP-hard even on trees. We consider the extension when precedence relations between the jobs with the same source are given. Our results include a polynomial time algorithm on paths and an approximation algorithm on general graphs with a performance of~$9/4$. For trees we improve the performance to~$5/3$.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 72
    Publication Date: 2020-08-05
    Description: In this thesis we study and solve integer programs with block structure, i.\,e., problems that after the removal of certain rows (or columns) of the constraint matrix decompose into independent subproblems. The matrices associated with each subproblem are called blocks and the rows (columns) to be removed linking constraints (columns). Integer programs with block structure come up in a natural way in many real-world applications. The methods that are widely used to tackle integer programs with block structure are decomposition methods. The idea is to decouple the linking constraints (variables) from the problem and treat them at a superordinate level, often called master problem. The resulting residual subordinate problem then decomposes into independent subproblems that often can be solved more efficiently. Decomposition methods now work alternately on the master and subordinate problem and iteratively exchange information to solve the original problem to optimality. In Part I we follow a different approach. We treat the integer programming problem as a whole and keep the linking constraints in the formulation. We consider the associated polyhedra and investigate the polyhedral consequences of the involved linking constraints. The variety and complexity of the new inequalities that come into play is illustrated on three different types of real-world problems. The applications arise in the design of electronic circuits, in telecommunication and production planning. We develop a branch-and-cut algorithm for each of these problems, and our computational results show the benefits and limits of the polyhedral approach to solve these real-world models with block structure. Part II of the thesis deals with general mixed integer programming problems, that is integer programs with no apparent structure in the constraint matrix. We will discuss in Chapter 5 the main ingredients of an LP based branch-and-bound algorithm for the solution of general integer programs. Chapter 6 then asks the question whether general integer programs decompose into certain block structures and investigate whether it is possible to recognize such a structure. The remaining two chapters exploit information about the block structure of an integer program. In Chapter 7 we parallelize parts of the dual simplex algorithm, the method that is commonly used for the solution of the underlying linear programs within a branch-and-cut algorithm. In Chapter 8 we try to detect small blocks in the constraint matrix and to derive new cutting planes that strengthen the integer programming formulation. These inequalities may be associated with the intersection of several knapsack problems. We will see that they significantly improve the quality of the general integer programming solver introduced in Chapter 5.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: doctoralthesis , doc-type:doctoralThesis
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  • 73
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: A new seasonal energy storage for thermal solar systems has been developed on the basis of an adsorption-desorption process. Design and optimization of this storage will be supported by numerical simulations of heat and mass transfer with KARDOS. This paper focuses on the unsteady heat transfer during the major operating step of energetic discharge of the storage, which is characterized by conductive heat transfer in the fixed bed and a strong heat source caused by the adsorption enthalpy. Results are interpreted concerning the influence of variations in the parameter set. The method of implementation of the differential equation will be shown as well as the post-processing and gridwriting programs.
    Keywords: ddc:000
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  • 74
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: In this paper, we analyze algorithms for the online dial-a-ride problem with request sets that fulfill a certain worst-case restriction: roughly speaking, a set of requests for the online dial-a-ride problem is reasonable if the requests that come up in a sufficiently large time period can be served in a time period of at most the same length. This new notion is a stability criterion implying that the system is not overloaded. The new concept is used to analyze the online dial-a-ride problem for the minimization of the maximal resp.\ average flow time. Under reasonable load it is possible to distinguish the performance of two particular algorithms for this problem, which seems to be impossible by means of classical competitive analysis.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
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  • 75
    Publication Date: 2014-02-27
    Description: The function of many important biomolecules comes from their dynamic properties and their ability to switch between different {\em conformations}. In a conformation, the large scale geometric structure of the molecule is understood to be conserved, whereas on smaller scales the system may well rotate, oscillate or fluctuate. In a recent article [J. Comp. Phys., 151,1 (1999)], the present author and coworkers demonstrated that (a) conformations can be understood as almost invariant sets of some Markov chain being defined via the Hamiltonian system governing the molecular dynamics and that (b) these sets can efficiently be computed via eigenvectors of the corresponding Markov operator. The persent manuscript reviews the mathematical modelling steps behind the novel concept, includes a rigorous analytical justification of this approach and especially of the numerical details of the algorithm, and illustrates its performance when applied to realistic molecular systems.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
    Type: doctoralthesis , doc-type:doctoralThesis
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  • 76
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    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: Der neue ''verteilte'' Bibliotheksverbund KOBV erfordert neue Arbeitsweisen und neue Formen der Zusammenarbeit der Bibliotheken untereinander. Im KOBV wird es keine zentrale Erschließung geben, sondern die Erschließung wird lokal, in den Bibliotheken durchgeführt. Entsprechend ihren Nutzerbedürfnissen bestimmen die Bibliotheken die Erschließungsart, den Erschließungsumfang und die Erschließungstiefe selbst. Als gemeinsamer regionaler Standard wird lediglich ein ''Mindeststandard'' auf der Basis von RAK-WB definiert. Dieser Gemeinsame KOBV-Standard berücksichtigt vor allem suchrelevante Elemente, um den Nutzern im KOBV möglichst einheitliche Sucheinstiege zu bieten. Der Gemeinsame KOBV-Standard wird in diesem Papier vorgestellt.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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  • 77
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: Die KOBV-Suchmaschine verarbeitet Daten im bibliographischen Datenformat MAB2 (Maschinelles Austauschformat für Bibliotheken, Ausgabe 2), das in deutschsprachigen Ländern angewandt wird. Im MAB2-Format sind für mehrbändige begrenzte Werke und fortlaufende Sammelwerke hierarchische Strukturen realisiert - mit bis zu drei Hierarchiestufen und unterschiedlichem Aufbau, je nachdem, ob es sich um ein begrenztes Werk oder um ein Werk ohne geplanten Abschluß handelt. Jede hierarchische Stufe entspricht einem Datensatz, die zusammengehörigen Datensätze sind miteinander verknüpft. Inhaltlich enthält eine Stufe oft nur Teilinformationen des Werkes; erst die Stufen zusammen ergeben die vollständige Information. In der KOBV-Suchmaschine werden Dokumente aus verschiedenen Bibliotheken zusammengeführt. Hierarchische Strukturen potenzieren gewissermaßen die mit der Dublettenbehandlung (Match- und Merge-Verfahren) verbundene Problematik: Es müssen nicht nur Datensätze aus verschiedenen Bibliotheken zusammengeführt werden, sondern darüber hinaus die zusammengehörigen Datensätze der unterschiedlichen Hierarchiestufen. Der Artikel enthält eine ausführliche Analyse der in MAB2 vorkommenden hierarchischen Strukturen, beschreibt die Anforderungen für die Lieferung hierarchischer Datensätze aus den lokalen Systemen und stellt das Verfahren vor, wie in der KOBV-Suchmaschine mit diesen hierarchischen Datenstrukturen bei der Dublettenbehandlung umgegangen wird. Anhand von Fallbeispielen wird die Problematik der Verknüpfung zusammengeführter h-Sätze erörtert. Die KOBV-Suchmaschine verarbeitet Daten im bibliographischen Datenformat MAB2 (Maschinelles Austauschformat für Bibliotheken, Ausgabe 2), das in deutschsprachigen Ländern angewandt wird. Im MAB2-Format sind für mehrbändige begrenzte Werke und fortlaufende Sammelwerke hierarchische Strukturen realisiert - mit bis zu drei Hierarchiestufen und unterschiedlichem Aufbau, je nachdem, ob es sich um ein begrenztes Werk oder um ein Werk ohne geplanten Abschluß handelt. Jede hierarchische Stufe entspricht einem Datensatz, die zusammengehörigen Datensätze sind miteinander verknüpft. Inhaltlich enthält eine Stufe oft nur Teilinformationen des Werkes; erst die Stufen zusammen ergeben die vollständige Information. In der KOBV-Suchmaschine werden Dokumente aus verschiedenen Bibliotheken zusammengeführt. Hierarchische Strukturen potenzieren gewissermaßen die mit der Dublettenbehandlung (Match- und Merge-Verfahren) verbundene Problematik: Es müssen nicht nur Datensätze aus verschiedenen Bibliotheken zusammengeführt werden, sondern darüber hinaus die zusammengehörigen Datensätze der unterschiedlichen Hierarchiestufen. Der Artikel enthält eine ausführliche Analyse der in MAB2 vorkommenden hierarchischen Strukturen, beschreibt die Anforderungen für die Lieferung hierarchischer Datensätze aus den lokalen Systemen und stellt das Verfahren vor, wie in der KOBV-Suchmaschine mit diesen hierarchischen Datenstrukturen bei der Dublettenbehandlung umgegangen wird. Anhand von Fallbeispielen wird die Problematik der Verknüpfung zusammengeführter h-Sätze erörtert.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
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  • 78
    Publication Date: 2014-02-26
    Description: This paper summarizes and discusses various characterizations of perfect graphs and mentions some open problems in this area.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: English
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  • 79
    Publication Date: 2020-11-13
    Description: Die Recherche über die KOBV-Suchmaschine liefert Datensätze aus unterschiedlichen Bibliotheken. Damit der Nutzer nicht viele, unter Umständen lange Listen für jede Bibliothek durchblättern muss werden die Datensätze in der KOBV-Suchmaschine einer Dublettenbehandlung (Match- und Merge-Verfahren) unterzogen. Ziel dieses Verfahrens ist es, dem Nutzer möglichst nur einen einzigen Datensatz mit allen zugehörigen Bestandsnachweisen aus den Bibliotheken anzuzeigen. In dem vorliegenden Papier steht das Match-Verfahren, das von der KOBV-Projektgruppe eigens für den Einsatz in der KOBV-Suchmaschine entwickelt wurde, im Vordergrund. Das Merge-Verfahren, das auf Konzepte von Ex Libris zurückgeht, ist lediglich am Rande erwähnt. Ziel bei der Entwicklung des Match- und Merge-Verfahrens war es, in der KOBV-Suchmaschine ein Verfahren zu implementieren, das vollkommen automatisiert, ohne Zuhilfenahme manueller und intellektueller Eingriffe, abläuft. In diesem Papier sind die Grundlagen zum Match- und Merge-Verfahren in der KOBV-Suchmaschine zusammengefaßt. Zunächst wird definiert, was unter einer Dublette überhaupt zu verstehen ist. Die Begriffe Dokument und Werk werden analysiert, die wesentlich sind für die Entscheidung, welche Datensätze in der KOBV-Suchmaschine letztendlich zusammengeführt werden. Anhand umfassender Literaturrecherchen werden die zur Dublettenbehandlung herangezogenen bibliographischen Beschreibungselemente (Attribute) in verschiedenen MARC- und MAB-Datenbanken ermittelt und grundsätzliche Probleme beim Erkennen dubletter bibliographischer Datensätze aufgezeigt. Schließlich werden Verfahren vorgestellt und diskutiert, wie die Attribute in das Match- und Merge-Verfahren eingebunden werden: bei nur einer Gewichtung (positiver Wert) und bei zwei Gewichtungen (positiver und negativer Wert). Auf dieser Basis werden Tabellen mit Werten für zwei unterschiedliche Gewichtungsverfahren in der KOBV-Suchmaschine entwickelt, die als Ausgangswerte für erste Testverfahren in den Match- und Merge-Algorithmus in der KOBV-Suchmaschine implementiert werden.
    Keywords: ddc:000
    Language: German
    Type: reportzib , doc-type:preprint
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