amino acid substitution
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
CD spectra in the aromatic region of a series of the mutant α-subunits of tryptophan synthase from Escherichia coli, substituted at position 49 buried in the interior of the molecule, were measured at pH 7.0 and 25°C. The measurements were taken to gain information on conformational change produced by single amino acid substitutions. The CD spectra of the mutant proteins, substituted by Tyr or Trp residue in place of Glu residue at position 49, showed more intense positive bands due to one additional Tyr or Trp residue at position 49. The CD spectra of other mutant proteins also differed from that of the wild-type protein, despite the fact that the substituted residues at position 49 were not aromatic. Using the spectrum of the wild-type protein (Glu49) as a standard, the spectra of the other mutants were classified into three major groups. For 10 mutant proteins substituted by Ile, Ala, Leu, Met, Val, Cys, Pro, Ser, His, or Gly, their CD values of bands (due to Tyr residues) decreased in comparison with those of thewild-type protein. The mutant protein substituted by Phe also belonged to this group. These substituted amino acid residues are more hydrophobic than the original residue, Glu. In the second group, three mutant proteins were substituted by Lys, Gln, or Asn, and the CD values of tyrosyl bands increased compared to those of the wild-type proteins. These residues are polar. In the third group, the CDvalues of tyrosyl bands of two mutant proteins substituted by Asp or Thr were similar to those of the wild-type protein, except for oneband at 276.5 nm. these results suggested that the changes in the CD spectra for the mutant proteins were affected by the hydrophobicity of the residuesat position 49.
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