Life Sciences (general)
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
The increased interest in large scale production of biologically active molecules, as for example monoclonal antibodys, hormones, proteins and enzymes, has stimulated a rapid development of different methods to cultivate eukaryotic cells. Further progress in this field of modern biotechnology is expected not only from the selection of more productive cell lines and more efficient cultivation techniques, but also from the improvement in new bioreactor design and operation, which guarantees increased productivity per unit volume and reduces the downstream processing. Most important factors for a new reactor design in future will be the energy- and mass transfer, shear stress and scaleability. The provision of an adequate oxygen supply to large scale reactors is the most critical barrier to scale up. If oxygen is limited in a small degree, the result is inhibition of cell density and cellular efficiency in the production of the desired biomolecules. In addition, when methodologies are used which allow high cell densities and high metabolic active cells, the oxygen transfer becomes more important and, at the same time, more difficult. Since direct sparging of air into the cell-containing medium causes problems such as shear forces and foaming, new, efficient methods in bubble free aeration must be utilized. A new aeration system is presented, which is suitable to bubble-free aeration as well to separation of microcarrier-anchered cells from the harvested medium when running in a continuous perfusion mode. The efficiency of the CHEMCELL System regarding aeration and cell retention is demonstrated by the growth kinetics of BHK 21-cells in batch and perfusion mode.
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