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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Experimental brain research 62 (1986), S. 572-578 
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Vasopressin cell ; Noxious input ; Hypovolemia ; Supraoptic nucleus ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The effects of saphenous nerve stimulation on discharge activity of supraoptic neurosecretory (NS) cells were studied in anesthetized rats. Of 112 supraoptic neurosecretory cells, 62 exhibited a ‘phasic’ discharge pattern. The nerve stimulation transiently excited 46 of these 62 ‘phasic’ units, as well as 35 of the 50 remaining ‘non-phasic’ units. No appreciable blood pressure change was noted using PSTHs with 1-ms resolution. Though the nerve stimulation also evoked a flexor reflex of the ipsilateral hind limb, blockage of the hind limb movement with gallamine did not alter the amplitude of the supraoptic cell excitation. The threshold of the nerve stimulation was higher for the excitation than for the flexor reflex. Effects of hypovolemic and hyperosmotic stimuli on discharge activity of ‘phasic’ cells during saphenous nerve stimulation were studied to find a possible interaction between these stimuli. Hemorrhage potentiated the transient excitation evoked by the nerve stimulation in all of the 8 ‘phasic’ cells tested, while no such effect was seen after an injection of hypertonic sodium chloride solution in the 7 ‘phasic’ cells tested. These electrophysiological data suggest that hypovolemic and noxious stimuli potentiate VP secretion in a synergistic manner but that hyperosmotic and noxious stimuli do not.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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