finite element method
open boundary condition
tidal current analysis
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The results of a research project to verify the newly improved multiple- level model for 3D tidal current analysis in Tokyo Bay are presented. The improved multiple-level model includes additional effects due to Coriolis force, river inflows and wind shear stresses. Furthermore, a new numerical treatment of the open boundary condition was applied which effectively eliminated the spurious reflective waves often generated by various numerical methods simulating free surface flows. The mean (time-averaged or residual) and tidal currents in Tokyo Bay were simulated as examples to demonstrate the validity and capability of the newly improved multiple-level model. A series of numerical experiments was conducted to carefully examine the tidal circulations affected by the forcing factors of Coriolis force, river inflows and wind shears, both individually and combined. The numerical results demonstrated that the effects of each forcing term are physically reasonable, with the wind shear effect being the most significant and the case including all forcing terms being in best overall agreement with the field data collected in Tokyo Bay by the Ministry of Transportation. This study has contributed not only to the verification of the newly improved multiple-level model but also to the enhancement of the accuracy of numerical simulations of three-dimensional flow in coastal waters by this model.
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